为什么SSL握手会给出“无法生成DH密钥对”的异常?

问题

当我与某些IRC服务器建立SSL连接(但不是其他服务器 - 可能是由于服务器的首选加密方法),我得到以下异常:

Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Could not generate DH keypair
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.DHCrypt.<init>(DHCrypt.java:106)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverKeyExchange(ClientHandshaker.java:556)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.processMessage(ClientHandshaker.java:183)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.processLoop(Handshaker.java:593)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.process_record(Handshaker.java:529)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.readRecord(SSLSocketImpl.java:893)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.performInitialHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1138)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1165)
    ... 3 more

最终原因:

Caused by: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: Prime size must be multiple of 64, and can only range from 512 to 1024 (inclusive)
    at com.sun.crypto.provider.DHKeyPairGenerator.initialize(DashoA13*..)
    at java.security.KeyPairGenerator$Delegate.initialize(KeyPairGenerator.java:627)
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.DHCrypt.<init>(DHCrypt.java:100)
    ... 10 more

演示此问题的服务器示例是aperture.esper.net:6697(这是一个IRC服务器)。没有证明问题的服务器示例是kornbluth.freenode.net:6697。 [毫不奇怪,每个网络上的所有服务器共享相同的行为。]

我的代码(如上所述在连接到某些SSL服务器时起作用)是:

SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
    sslContext.init(null, trustAllCerts, new SecureRandom());
    s = (SSLSocket)sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
    s.connect(new InetSocketAddress(host, port), timeout);
    s.setSoTimeout(0);
    ((SSLSocket)s).startHandshake();

这是抛出异常的最后一个startHandshake。是的,'trustAllCerts'还有一些魔力;该代码强制SSL系统不验证证书。 (所以...不是证书问题。)

显然有一种可能性是esper的服务器配置错误,但我搜索并没有找到任何其他对esper的SSL端口出现问题的人的引用,并且'openssl'连接到它(见下文)。所以我想知道这是否是Java默认SSL支持的限制,或者其他什么。有什么建议么?

这是当我使用命令行中的'openssl'连接到aperture.esper.net 6697时发生的情况:

~ $ openssl s_client -connect aperture.esper.net:6697
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=0 /C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
verify error:num=18:self signed certificate
verify return:1
depth=0 /C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
verify return:1
---
Certificate chain
 0 s:/C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
   i:/C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
---
Server certificate
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
[There was a certificate here, but I deleted it to save space]
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
subject=/C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
issuer=/C=GB/ST=England/L=London/O=EsperNet/OU=aperture.esper.net/CN=*.esper.net/emailAddress=support@esper.net
---
No client certificate CA names sent
---
SSL handshake has read 2178 bytes and written 468 bytes
---
New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
Server public key is 2048 bit
Secure Renegotiation IS supported
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
SSL-Session:
    Protocol  : TLSv1
    Cipher    : DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
    Session-ID: 51F1D40A1B044700365D3BD1C61ABC745FB0C347A334E1410946DCB5EFE37AFD
    Session-ID-ctx: 
    Master-Key: DF8194F6A60B073E049C87284856B5561476315145B55E35811028C4D97F77696F676DB019BB6E271E9965F289A99083
    Key-Arg   : None
    Start Time: 1311801833
    Timeout   : 300 (sec)
    Verify return code: 18 (self signed certificate)
---

如前所述,它确实成功连接,这比我对Java应用程序的说法更多。

它是否相关,我使用的是OS X 10.6.8,Java版本1.6.0_26。


#1 热门回答(109 赞)

问题是素数大小。 Java接受的最大可接受大小是1024位。这是一个已知问题(见JDK-6521495)。

我链接的错误报告提到了使用BouncyCastle的JCE实现的aworkaround。希望这应该对你有用。
更新
这被报告为bugJDK-7044060并且最近修复了。

但请注意,限制仅提高到2048位。对于大小> 2048位,有JDK-8072452 - Remove the maximum prime size of DH Keys;修复似乎是9。


#2 热门回答(63 赞)

"Java密码学扩展(JCE)无限强度管辖权政策文件"答案对我不起作用,但BouncyCastle的JCE提供商建议做了。

以下是我在Mac OSC 10.7.5上使用Java 1.6.0_65-b14-462所采取的步骤

1)下载这些罐子:

  • bcprov-jdk15on-154.jar
  • bcprov-ext-jdk15on-154.jar

2)将这些罐子移到$ JAVA_HOME / lib / ext

3)编辑$ JAVA_HOME / lib / security / java.security,如下所示:security.provider.1 = org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider

使用JRE重启app并尝试一下


#3 热门回答(15 赞)

这是我的解决方案(java 1.6),也有兴趣为什么我必须这样做:

我注意到javax.security.debug = ssl,有时使用的密码套件是TLS_DHE _...有时它是TLS_ECDHE ....如果我添加了BouncyCastle,则会发生后者。如果选择了TLS_ECDHE,那么大部分工作时间,但不是总是如此,所以添加甚至BouncyCastle提供程序是不可靠的(每隔一次左右都会出现相同的错误)。我想在Sun SSL实现的某个地方有时会选择DOE,有时它会选择IDE。

因此,此处发布的解决方案依赖于完全删除TLS_DHE_密码。注意:解决方案不需要BouncyCastle。

因此,创建服务器认证文件:

echo |openssl s_client -connect example.org:443 2>&1 |sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p'

保存它,因为它将在稍后引用,而不是这里是SSL http get的解决方案,不包括TLS_DHE_密码套件。

package org.example.security;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.cert.Certificate;
import java.security.cert.CertificateFactory;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLParameters;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

public class SSLExcludeCipherConnectionHelper {

    private Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(SSLExcludeCipherConnectionHelper.class);

    private String[] exludedCipherSuites = {"_DHE_","_DH_"};

    private String trustCert = null;

    private TrustManagerFactory tmf;

    public void setExludedCipherSuites(String[] exludedCipherSuites) {
        this.exludedCipherSuites = exludedCipherSuites;
    }

    public SSLExcludeCipherConnectionHelper(String trustCert) {
        super();
        this.trustCert = trustCert;
        //Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
        try {
            this.initTrustManager();
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private void initTrustManager() throws Exception {
        CertificateFactory cf = CertificateFactory.getInstance("X.509");
        InputStream caInput = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(trustCert));
        Certificate ca = null;
        try {
            ca = cf.generateCertificate(caInput);
            logger.debug("ca=" + ((X509Certificate) ca).getSubjectDN());
        } finally {
            caInput.close();
        }

        // Create a KeyStore containing our trusted CAs
        KeyStore keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("jks");
        keyStore.load(null, null);
        keyStore.setCertificateEntry("ca", ca);

        // Create a TrustManager that trusts the CAs in our KeyStore
        String tmfAlgorithm = TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm();
        tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(tmfAlgorithm);
        tmf.init(keyStore);
    }

    public String get(URL url) throws Exception {
        // Create an SSLContext that uses our TrustManager
        SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        context.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);
        SSLParameters params = context.getSupportedSSLParameters();
        List<String> enabledCiphers = new ArrayList<String>();
        for (String cipher : params.getCipherSuites()) {
            boolean exclude = false;
            if (exludedCipherSuites != null) {
                for (int i=0; i<exludedCipherSuites.length && !exclude; i++) {
                    exclude = cipher.indexOf(exludedCipherSuites[i]) >= 0;
                }
            }
            if (!exclude) {
                enabledCiphers.add(cipher);
            }
        }
        String[] cArray = new String[enabledCiphers.size()];
        enabledCiphers.toArray(cArray);

        // Tell the URLConnection to use a SocketFactory from our SSLContext
        HttpsURLConnection urlConnection =
            (HttpsURLConnection)url.openConnection();
        SSLSocketFactory sf = context.getSocketFactory();
        sf = new DOSSLSocketFactory(sf, cArray);
        urlConnection.setSSLSocketFactory(sf);
        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(urlConnection.getInputStream()));
        String inputLine;
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
        while ((inputLine = in.readLine()) != null) 
            buffer.append(inputLine);
        in.close();

        return buffer.toString();
    }

    private class DOSSLSocketFactory extends javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory {

        private SSLSocketFactory sf = null;
        private String[] enabledCiphers = null;

        private DOSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory sf, String[] enabledCiphers) {
            super();
            this.sf = sf;
            this.enabledCiphers = enabledCiphers;
        }

        private Socket getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(Socket socket) {
            if (enabledCiphers != null && socket != null && socket instanceof SSLSocket)
                ((SSLSocket)socket).setEnabledCipherSuites(enabledCiphers);

            return socket;
        }

        @Override
        public Socket createSocket(Socket s, String host, int port,
                boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
            return getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(sf.createSocket(s, host, port, autoClose));
        }

        @Override
        public String[] getDefaultCipherSuites() {
            return sf.getDefaultCipherSuites();
        }

        @Override
        public String[] getSupportedCipherSuites() {
            if (enabledCiphers == null)
                return sf.getSupportedCipherSuites();
            else
                return enabledCiphers;
        }

        @Override
        public Socket createSocket(String host, int port) throws IOException,
                UnknownHostException {
            return getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(sf.createSocket(host, port));
        }

        @Override
        public Socket createSocket(InetAddress address, int port)
                throws IOException {
            return getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(sf.createSocket(address, port));
        }

        @Override
        public Socket createSocket(String host, int port, InetAddress localAddress,
                int localPort) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
            return getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(sf.createSocket(host, port, localAddress, localPort));
        }

        @Override
        public Socket createSocket(InetAddress address, int port,
                InetAddress localaddress, int localport) throws IOException {
            return getSocketWithEnabledCiphers(sf.createSocket(address, port, localaddress, localport));
        }

    }
}

最后是如何使用它(如果从openssl保存证书的路径,则为certFilePath):

try {
            URL url = new URL("https://www.example.org?q=somedata");            
            SSLExcludeCipherConnectionHelper sslExclHelper = new SSLExcludeCipherConnectionHelper(certFilePath);
            logger.debug(
                    sslExclHelper.get(url)
            );
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }