Spring RestTemplate - 如何启用请求/响应的完整调试/日志记录?

问题

我一直在使用Spring RestTemplate一段时间,当我试图调试它的请求和响应时,我一直碰壁。我基本上希望看到当我使用curl并打开"详细"选项时看到的相同内容。例如 :

curl -v http://twitter.com/statuses/public_timeline.rss

将显示发送的数据和接收的数据(包括标题,cookie等)。

我查了一些相关的帖子,如:How do I log response in Spring RestTemplate?但我还没有设法解决这个问题。

实现此目的的一种方法是实际更改RestTemplate源代码并在那里添加一些额外的日志记录语句,但我发现这种方法确实是最后的手段。应该有一些方法告诉Spring Web Client / RestTemplate以更友好的方式记录所有内容。

我的目标是能够使用以下代码执行此操作:

restTemplate.put("http://someurl", objectToPut, urlPathValues);

然后在日志文件或控制台中获取相同类型的调试信息(就像我使用curl一样)。我相信这对使用Spring RestTemplate且有问题的任何人都非常有用。使用curl调试RestTemplate问题不起作用(在某些情况下)。


#1 热门回答(123 赞)

只是为了完成示例,完整实现ClientHttpRequestInterceptor以跟踪请求和响应:

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.http.HttpRequest;
import org.springframework.http.client.ClientHttpRequestExecution;
import org.springframework.http.client.ClientHttpRequestInterceptor;
import org.springframework.http.client.ClientHttpResponse;

public class LoggingRequestInterceptor implements ClientHttpRequestInterceptor {

    final static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggingRequestInterceptor.class);

    @Override
    public ClientHttpResponse intercept(HttpRequest request, byte[] body, ClientHttpRequestExecution execution) throws IOException {
        traceRequest(request, body);
        ClientHttpResponse response = execution.execute(request, body);
        traceResponse(response);
        return response;
    }

    private void traceRequest(HttpRequest request, byte[] body) throws IOException {
        log.debug("===========================request begin================================================");
        log.debug("URI         : {}", request.getURI());
        log.debug("Method      : {}", request.getMethod());
        log.debug("Headers     : {}", request.getHeaders() );
        log.debug("Request body: {}", new String(body, "UTF-8"));
        log.debug("==========================request end================================================");
    }

    private void traceResponse(ClientHttpResponse response) throws IOException {
        StringBuilder inputStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(response.getBody(), "UTF-8"));
        String line = bufferedReader.readLine();
        while (line != null) {
            inputStringBuilder.append(line);
            inputStringBuilder.append('\n');
            line = bufferedReader.readLine();
        }
        log.debug("============================response begin==========================================");
        log.debug("Status code  : {}", response.getStatusCode());
        log.debug("Status text  : {}", response.getStatusText());
        log.debug("Headers      : {}", response.getHeaders());
        log.debug("Response body: {}", inputStringBuilder.toString());
        log.debug("=======================response end=================================================");
    }

}

然后使用aBufferingClientHttpRequestFactoryLoggingRequestInterceptor实例化RestTemplate

RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate(new BufferingClientHttpRequestFactory(new SimpleClientHttpRequestFactory()));
List<ClientHttpRequestInterceptor> interceptors = new ArrayList<>();
interceptors.add(new LoggingRequestInterceptor());
restTemplate.setInterceptors(interceptors);

因为我们想要在拦截器和初始调用代码中使用响应体,所以需要BufferingClientHttpRequestFactory。默认实现只允许读取响应主体一次。


#2 热门回答(72 赞)

使用一些代码扩展@hstoerr答案:

创建LoggingRequestInterceptor以记录请求响应

public class LoggingRequestInterceptor implements ClientHttpRequestInterceptor {

    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggingRequestInterceptor.class);

    @Override
    public ClientHttpResponse intercept(HttpRequest request, byte[] body, ClientHttpRequestExecution execution) throws IOException {

        ClientHttpResponse response = execution.execute(request, body);

        log(request,body,response);

        return response;
    }

    private void log(HttpRequest request, byte[] body, ClientHttpResponse response) throws IOException {
        //do logging
    }
}

设置RestTemplate

RestTemplate rt = new RestTemplate();

//set interceptors/requestFactory
ClientHttpRequestInterceptor ri = new LoggingRequestInterceptor();
List<ClientHttpRequestInterceptor> ris = new ArrayList<ClientHttpRequestInterceptor>();
ris.add(ri);
rt.setInterceptors(ris);
rt.setRequestFactory(new BufferingClientHttpRequestFactory(new SimpleClientHttpRequestFactory());

#3 热门回答(58 赞)

在Spring Boot中,你可以通过在属性中设置它(或其他12因子方法)来获得完整的请求/响应

logging.level.org.apache.http=DEBUG

这个输出

-DEBUG .i.c.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator : Connecting to localhost/127.0.0.1:41827
-DEBUG .i.c.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator : Connection established 127.0.0.1:39546<->127.0.0.1:41827
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Executing request POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Target auth state: UNCHALLENGED
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Proxy auth state: UNCHALLENGED
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Content-Length: 56
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Host: localhost:41827
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Connection: Keep-Alive
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> User-Agent: Apache-HttpClient/4.5.2 (Java/1.8.0_102)
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Content-Length: 56[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Host: localhost:41827[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Connection: Keep-Alive[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "User-Agent: Apache-HttpClient/4.5.2 (Java/1.8.0_102)[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "{"id":null,"email":"xenoterracide@gmail.com","new":true}"

和回应

-DEBUG .i.c.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator : Connecting to localhost/127.0.0.1:41827
-DEBUG .i.c.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator : Connection established 127.0.0.1:39546<->127.0.0.1:41827
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Executing request POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Target auth state: UNCHALLENGED
-DEBUG o.a.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec   : Proxy auth state: UNCHALLENGED
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Content-Length: 56
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Host: localhost:41827
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Connection: Keep-Alive
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> User-Agent: Apache-HttpClient/4.5.2 (Java/1.8.0_102)
-DEBUG org.apache.http.headers                  : http-outgoing-0 >> Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "POST /v0/users HTTP/1.1[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Content-Length: 56[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Host: localhost:41827[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Connection: Keep-Alive[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "User-Agent: Apache-HttpClient/4.5.2 (Java/1.8.0_102)[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "[\r][\n]"
-DEBUG org.apache.http.wire                     : http-outgoing-0 >> "{"id":null,"email":"xenoterracide@gmail.com","new":true}"

或者只是logging.level.org.apache.http.wire=DEBUG,似乎包含所有相关信息