如何配置Logback以将记录器的不同级别记录到不同的目标?

问题

如何配置Logback以将记录器的不同级别记录到不同的目的地?

例如,给定以下Logback配置,logback记录INFO消息到STDOUTERROR消息到STDERR

(注意,该示例是示例logback-examples/src/main/java/chapters/configuration/sample4.xml,在Chapter 3: Logback Configuration中的变体)。

<configuration>
  <appender name="STDOUT"
   class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
   <encoder>
     <pattern>
        %d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n
      </pattern>
    </encoder>
  </appender>
  <appender name="STDERR"
   class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
   <encoder>
     <pattern>
        %d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n
      </pattern>
    </encoder>
    <target>System.err</target>
  </appender>
  <!-- What is the effective level of "chapters.configuration"? -->
  <logger name="chapters.configuration" level="INFO" additivity="false">
    <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
  </logger>
  <logger name="chapters.configuration" level="ERROR" additivity="false">
    <appender-ref ref="STDERR" />
  </logger>

  <!-- turn OFF all logging (children can override) -->
  <root level="OFF">
    <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
  </root>
</configuration>

#1 热门回答(73 赞)

我相信这将是最简单的解决方案:

<configuration>
    <contextName>selenium-plugin</contextName>
    <!-- Logging configuration -->  
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <Target>System.out</Target>
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>INFO</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>[%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS}] [%level] %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <appender name="STDERR" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
            <Target>System.err</Target>
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>ERROR</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <encoder> 
            <pattern>[%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS}] [%level] [%thread] %logger{10} [%file:%line] %msg%n</pattern> 
        </encoder> 
    </appender>
    <root level="INFO">
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
        <appender-ref ref="STDERR" />
    </root>
</configuration>

#2 热门回答(59 赞)

更新:对于使用Groovy的所有基于配置的方法,请参阅Dean Hiller's answer

你可以用2776802885做一些有趣的事情。以下配置只会向stderr打印警告和错误消息,并将其他所有内容打印到stdout。
logback.xml

<appender name="stdout" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
  <target>System.out</target>
  <filter class="com.foo.StdOutFilter" />
   ...
</appender>

<appender name="stderr" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
  <target>System.err</target>
  <filter class="com.foo.ErrOutFilter" />
   ...
</appender>

<logger name="mylogger" level="debug">
    <appender-ref ref="stdout" />
    <appender-ref ref="stderr" />
</logger>

com.foo.StdOutFilter

public class StdOutFilter extends ch.qos.logback.core.filter.AbstractMatcherFilter
{

    @Override
    public FilterReply decide(Object event)
    {
        if (!isStarted())
        {
            return FilterReply.NEUTRAL;
        }

        LoggingEvent loggingEvent = (LoggingEvent) event;

        List<Level> eventsToKeep = Arrays.asList(Level.TRACE, Level.DEBUG, Level.INFO);
        if (eventsToKeep.contains(loggingEvent.getLevel()))
        {
            return FilterReply.NEUTRAL;
        }
        else
        {
            return FilterReply.DENY;
        }
    }

}

com.foo.ErrOutFilter

public class ErrOutFilter extends ch.qos.logback.core.filter.AbstractMatcherFilter
{

    @Override
    public FilterReply decide(Object event)
    {
        if (!isStarted())
        {
            return FilterReply.NEUTRAL;
        }

        LoggingEvent loggingEvent = (LoggingEvent) event;

        List<Level> eventsToKeep = Arrays.asList(Level.WARN, Level.ERROR);
        if (eventsToKeep.contains(loggingEvent.getLevel()))
        {
            return FilterReply.NEUTRAL;
        }
        else
        {
            return FilterReply.DENY;
        }
    }

}

#3 热门回答(28 赞)

好的,这是我最喜欢的xml方式。我为eclipse版本这样做,所以我可以

  • 点击东西带我到日志声明和
  • 查看信息及以下黑色和警告/严重红色

由于某种原因,SO没有正确显示这一切,但大多数似乎都在那里......

<configuration scan="true" scanPeriod="30 seconds">

    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.core.filter.EvaluatorFilter">      
          <evaluator class="ch.qos.logback.classic.boolex.GEventEvaluator"> 
            <expression>
               e.level.toInt() &lt;= INFO.toInt()
            </expression>
          </evaluator>
          <OnMismatch>DENY</OnMismatch>
          <OnMatch>NEUTRAL</OnMatch>
        </filter>

        <encoder>
            <pattern>%date{ISO8601} %X{sessionid}-%X{user} %caller{1} %-4level: %message%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <appender name="STDERR" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.ThresholdFilter"> 
            <level>warn</level>
        </filter>

        <encoder>
            <pattern>%date{ISO8601} %X{sessionid}-%X{user} %caller{1} %-4level: %message%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
        <target>System.err</target>
    </appender>

    <root>
        <level value="INFO" />
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
        <appender-ref ref="STDERR"/>
    </root>
</configuration>