如何在Android中自定义进度条

问题

我正在开发一个应用程序,我想在其中显示aProgressBar,但我想替换默认的AndroidProgressBar

那么如何定制ProgressBar呢?

我需要一些图形和动画吗?

我阅读了以下帖子,但无法让它发挥作用:
Custom Progress bar Android


#1 热门回答(236 赞)

我在本博客中用代码和示例对此进行了描述:Customized Progress Bar In Android

自定义aProgressBar需要为进度条的背景和进度定义属性。

在yourres->drawable文件夹中创建一个名为customprogressbar.xml的XML文件:
custom_progressbar.xml

<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <!-- Define the background properties like color etc -->
    <item android:id="@android:id/background">
    <shape>
        <gradient
                android:startColor="#000001"
                android:centerColor="#0b131e"
                android:centerY="1.0"
                android:endColor="#0d1522"
                android:angle="270"
        />
    </shape>
   </item>

  <!-- Define the progress properties like start color, end color etc -->
  <item android:id="@android:id/progress">
    <clip>
        <shape>
            <gradient
                android:startColor="#007A00"
                android:centerColor="#007A00"
                android:centerY="1.0"
                android:endColor="#06101d"
                android:angle="270"
            />
        </shape>
    </clip>
    </item>
</layer-list>

现在你需要在customprogressbar.xml(drawable)中设置progressDrawable属性

你可以在XML文件或Activity中(在运行时)执行此操作。

在XML中执行以下操作:

<ProgressBar
    android:id="@+id/progressBar1"
    style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
    android:progressDrawable="@drawable/custom_progressbar"         
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

在运行时执行以下

// Get the Drawable custom_progressbar                     
    Drawable draw=res.getDrawable(R.drawable.custom_progressbar);
// set the drawable as progress drawable
    progressBar.setProgressDrawable(draw);

编辑:更正的xml布局


#2 热门回答(29 赞)

如果是complexProgressBar,请点击此处

enter image description here

useClipDrawable

注意:在此示例中,我没有使用ProgressBar。我通过使用Animation剪切图像使用ClipDrawable实现了这一点。

ADrawable根据此Drawable的当前级别值剪辑另一个Drawable。你可以通过增加drawable的级别setLevel()来控制childDrawable在宽度和高度上根据级别进行剪裁的程度,以及控制它在整个容器Most often used to implement things like progress bars中放置位置的重力。

注意:当水平为0时,drawable完全被剪裁,不可见,当水平为10,000时,完全显示。

我用这两张图片来制作这个CustomProgressBar
scall.png
scall.png
ballon_progress.png
ballon_progress.png
MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

private EditText etPercent;
private ClipDrawable mImageDrawable;

// a field in your class
private int mLevel = 0;
private int fromLevel = 0;
private int toLevel = 0;

public static final int MAX_LEVEL = 10000;
public static final int LEVEL_DIFF = 100;
public static final int DELAY = 30;

private Handler mUpHandler = new Handler();
private Runnable animateUpImage = new Runnable() {

    @Override
    public void run() {
        doTheUpAnimation(fromLevel, toLevel);
    }
};

private Handler mDownHandler = new Handler();
private Runnable animateDownImage = new Runnable() {

    @Override
    public void run() {
        doTheDownAnimation(fromLevel, toLevel);
    }
};

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    etPercent = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.etPercent);

    ImageView img = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
    mImageDrawable = (ClipDrawable) img.getDrawable();
    mImageDrawable.setLevel(0);
}

private void doTheUpAnimation(int fromLevel, int toLevel) {
    mLevel += LEVEL_DIFF;
    mImageDrawable.setLevel(mLevel);
    if (mLevel <= toLevel) {
        mUpHandler.postDelayed(animateUpImage, DELAY);
    } else {
        mUpHandler.removeCallbacks(animateUpImage);
        MainActivity.this.fromLevel = toLevel;
    }
}

private void doTheDownAnimation(int fromLevel, int toLevel) {
    mLevel -= LEVEL_DIFF;
    mImageDrawable.setLevel(mLevel);
    if (mLevel >= toLevel) {
        mDownHandler.postDelayed(animateDownImage, DELAY);
    } else {
        mDownHandler.removeCallbacks(animateDownImage);
        MainActivity.this.fromLevel = toLevel;
    }
}

public void onClickOk(View v) {
    int temp_level = ((Integer.parseInt(etPercent.getText().toString())) * MAX_LEVEL) / 100;

    if (toLevel == temp_level || temp_level > MAX_LEVEL) {
        return;
    }
    toLevel = (temp_level <= MAX_LEVEL) ? temp_level : toLevel;
    if (toLevel > fromLevel) {
        // cancel previous process first
        mDownHandler.removeCallbacks(animateDownImage);
        MainActivity.this.fromLevel = toLevel;

        mUpHandler.post(animateUpImage);
    } else {
        // cancel previous process first
        mUpHandler.removeCallbacks(animateUpImage);
        MainActivity.this.fromLevel = toLevel;

        mDownHandler.post(animateDownImage);
    }
}
}

activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:paddingLeft="16dp"
android:paddingRight="16dp"
android:paddingTop="16dp"
android:paddingBottom="16dp"
android:orientation="vertical"
tools:context=".MainActivity">

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="horizontal">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/etPercent"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:inputType="number"
        android:maxLength="3" />

    <Button
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Ok"
        android:onClick="onClickOk" />

</LinearLayout>

<FrameLayout
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_gravity="center">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView2"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:src="@drawable/scall" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@drawable/clip_source" />

</FrameLayout>

clip_source.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<clip xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:clipOrientation="vertical"
    android:drawable="@drawable/ballon_progress"
    android:gravity="bottom" />

如果是complexHorizontalProgressBar,请改变cliporientationinclip_source.xmllike这个,

android:clipOrientation="horizontal"

你可以从here下载完整的演示版。


#3 热门回答(25 赞)

在你的xml中

<ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/progressBar1"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        style="@style/CustomProgressBar" 
        android:layout_margin="5dip" />

并在res/values/styles.xml

<resources> 
        <style name="CustomProgressBar" parent="android:Widget.ProgressBar.Horizontal">
          <item name="android:indeterminateOnly">false</item>
          <item name="android:progressDrawable">@drawable/custom_progress_bar_horizontal</item>
          <item name="android:minHeight">10dip</item>
          <item name="android:maxHeight">20dip</item>
        </style>       
    <style name="AppTheme" parent="android:Theme.Light" />
</resources>

Andcustom_progress_bar_horizontal是一个存储在drawable文件夹中的xml,它定义了自定义进度条。有关详细信息,请参阅thisblog

我希望这能帮到你。