编译未能完成:程序类型已存在:com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn

问题

编译我的项目时,我收到以下错误消息:

Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn Message{kind=ERROR, text=Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn, sources=[Unknown source file], tool name=Optional.of(D8)}

要么

D8: Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabo

使用Gradle Log中的以下堆栈跟踪

at com.android.builder.profile.Recorder$Block.handleException(Recorder.java:55)     
at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:104)   
at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask.transform(TransformTask.java:212)\\nat sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.gradle.internal.reflect.JavaMethod.invoke(JavaMethod.java:73)
at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.IncrementalTaskAction.doExecute(IncrementalTaskAction.java:46)
at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:39)
at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:26)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter$1.run(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:121)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeAction(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:110)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeActions(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:92)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:70)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.execute(OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.java:51)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.execute(SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.java:62)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.java:54)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ValidatingTaskExecuter.execute(ValidatingTaskExecuter.java:60)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.execute(SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.java:97)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.execute(CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.java:87)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.java:52)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.execute(SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.java:52)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.execute(SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.java:54)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.java:43)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.execute(CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.java:34)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker$1.run(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:248)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199)
at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:241)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:230)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.processTask(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:123)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.access$200(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:79)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:104)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.execute(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:626)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.executeWithTask(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:581)
at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.run(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98)
at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ExecutorPolicy$CatchAndRecordFailures.onExecute(ExecutorPolicy.java:63)
at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ManagedExecutorImpl$1.run(ManagedExecutorImpl.java:46)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ThreadFactoryImpl$ManagedThreadRunnable.run(ThreadFactoryImpl.java:55)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: com.android.builder.dexing.DexArchiveMergerException: Error while merging dex archives: D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\0.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\4.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\6.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\7.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\8.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\9.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\10.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\12.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\13.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\14.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\17.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\18.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\19.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\20.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\21.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\22.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\23.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\24.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\25.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\26.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\27.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\28.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\29.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\30.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\31.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\32.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\34.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\39.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\40.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\44.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\45.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\46.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\47.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\48.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\49.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\51.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\52.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\53.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\55.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\56.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\57.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\58.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\59.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\83.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\84.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\85.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\86.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\87.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\88.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\89.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\90.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\91.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\92.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\93.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\94.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\95.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\96.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\97.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\100.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\101.jar
at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.getExceptionToRethrow(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:124)
at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:109)
at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.DexMergerTransformCallable.call(DexMergerTransformCallable.java:101)
at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.ExternalLibsMergerTransform.transform(ExternalLibsMergerTransform.kt:123)
at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:221)
at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:217)
at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:102)   ... 48 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.CompilationFailedException: Compilation failed to complete
at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:76)
at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withD8CompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:45)
at com.android.tools.r8.D8.run(D8.java:67)
at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:107)  ... 53 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.utils.AbortException
at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.failIfPendingErrors(Reporter.java:77)
at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.fatalError(Reporter.java:58)
at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:67)     ... 56 more

#1 热门回答(138 赞)

Firebase对SDK进行了更新:

Firebase Android SDK现在具有独立的版本号,允许更频繁,灵活的更新。

更新所有Firebase依赖项以使用最新版本:

Firebase Core           com.google.firebase:firebase-core:15.0.2
Ads                     com.google.firebase:firebase-ads:15.0.0
Analytics               com.google.firebase:firebase-analytics:15.0.2
App Indexing            com.google.firebase:firebase-appindexing:15.0.0
Authentication          com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:15.1.0
Cloud Firestore         com.google.firebase:firebase-firestore:16.0.0
Cloud Functions         com.google.firebase:firebase-functions:15.0.0
Cloud Messaging         com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2
Cloud Storage           com.google.firebase:firebase-storage:15.0.2
Crash Reporting         com.google.firebase:firebase-crash:15.0.2
Crashlytics             com.crashlytics.sdk.android:crashlytics:2.9.1
Invites                 com.google.firebase:firebase-invites:15.0.1
Performance Monitoring  com.google.firebase:firebase-perf:15.1.0
Realtime Database       com.google.firebase:firebase-database:15.0.0
Remote Config           com.google.firebase:firebase-config:15.0.2

更多信息在这里:
https://firebase.google.com/support/release-notes/android
还请更新google-servicesplugin:

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.3.1'

你可以找到最新的谷歌服务点击HERE

另请查看此链接以了解更改并按照文章中列出的步骤操作:
Announcing the new SDK Versioning


#2 热门回答(34 赞)

在我的情况下问题是相同的。我按照以下步骤:
1.build.gradle(gradle)
改变:

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.2.0'

至 :

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.2.1'

2.build.gradle(module)

implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-core:15.0.2'
    implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2'
    implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-maps:15.0.1'

对于谷歌的位置和地方:

implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-location:15.0.1'
  implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-places:15.0.1'

#3 热门回答(14 赞)

导致此问题的原因是Firebase开始单独对库进行版本控制。将所有内容更新到最新版本可以解决问题。

将google playgradle插件version更新为最新版本,当前4.0.1

In项目级别build.gradle文件:

classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:4.0.1'

有关最新版google gradle插件的信息,请访问:
https://bintray.com/android/android-tools/com.google.gms.google-services/
并使用最新版本个人图书馆在应用程序级别build.gradle文件:

implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-vision:15.0.2'
implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-ads:15.0.1'
implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2'

有关各个库的最新版本的信息,请访问:

https://firebase.google.com/support/release-notes/androidandhttps://developers.google.com/android/guides/setup