通过HTTPS / SSL的Java客户端证书

问题

我正在使用Java 6,我正在尝试使用客户端证书创建一个远程服务器的HttpsURLConnection
服务器使用自签名根证书,并要求提供受密码保护的客户端证书。我已将服务器根证书和客户端证书添加到我在/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions/1.6.0/Home/lib/security/cacerts(OSX 10.5)中找到的默认java密钥库中。密钥库文件的名称似乎表明客户端证书不应该进入那里?

无论如何,将根证书添加到此商店解决了infamousjavax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed' problem.

但是,我现在仍然坚持如何使用客户端证书。我尝试了两种方法,并没有让我到任何地方。
首先,首选,尝试:

SSLSocketFactory sslsocketfactory = (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();
URL url = new URL("https://somehost.dk:3049");
HttpsURLConnection conn = (HttpsURLConnection)url.openConnection();
conn.setSSLSocketFactory(sslsocketfactory);
InputStream inputstream = conn.getInputStream();
// The last line fails, and gives:
// javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Received fatal alert: handshake_failure

我试过跳过HttpsURLConnection类(不理想,因为我想与服务器谈论HTTP),而是这样做:

SSLSocketFactory sslsocketfactory = (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();
SSLSocket sslsocket = (SSLSocket) sslsocketfactory.createSocket("somehost.dk", 3049);
InputStream inputstream = sslsocket.getInputStream();
// do anything with the inputstream results in:
// java.net.SocketTimeoutException: Read timed out

我甚至不确定客户端证书是否存在问题。


#1 热门回答(87 赞)

终于解决了;)。得到了强烈的暗示here(Gandalfs的回答也有点触及)。丢失的链接(大部分)是下面的第一个参数,在某种程度上,我忽略了密钥库和信任商店之间的区别。

必须将自签名服务器证书导入信任库:

keytool -import -alias gridserver -file gridserver.crt -storepass $ PASS -keystore gridserver.keystore

需要设置这些属性(在命令行或代码中):

-Djavax.net.ssl.keyStoreType=pkcs12
-Djavax.net.ssl.trustStoreType=jks
-Djavax.net.ssl.keyStore=clientcertificate.p12
-Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=gridserver.keystore
-Djavax.net.debug=ssl # very verbose debug
-Djavax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=$PASS
-Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=$PASS

工作示例代码:

SSLSocketFactory sslsocketfactory = (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();
URL url = new URL("https://gridserver:3049/cgi-bin/ls.py");
HttpsURLConnection conn = (HttpsURLConnection)url.openConnection();
conn.setSSLSocketFactory(sslsocketfactory);
InputStream inputstream = conn.getInputStream();
InputStreamReader inputstreamreader = new InputStreamReader(inputstream);
BufferedReader bufferedreader = new BufferedReader(inputstreamreader);

String string = null;
while ((string = bufferedreader.readLine()) != null) {
    System.out.println("Received " + string);
}

#2 热门回答(79 赞)

虽然不推荐,但你也可以完全禁用SSL证书验证:

import javax.net.ssl.*;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

public class SSLTool {

  public static void disableCertificateValidation() {
    // Create a trust manager that does not validate certificate chains
    TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] { 
      new X509TrustManager() {
        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() { 
          return new X509Certificate[0]; 
        }
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {}
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {}
    }};

    // Ignore differences between given hostname and certificate hostname
    HostnameVerifier hv = new HostnameVerifier() {
      public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) { return true; }
    };

    // Install the all-trusting trust manager
    try {
      SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
      sc.init(null, trustAllCerts, new SecureRandom());
      HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
      HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(hv);
    } catch (Exception e) {}
  }
}

#3 热门回答(19 赞)

你是否设置了KeyStore和/或TrustStore系统属性?

java -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStore=pathToKeystore -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=123456

或者来自代码

System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.keyStore", pathToKeyStore);

与javax.net.ssl.trustStore相同