如何从XSD生成JAXB类?

问题

我是XML的新手。我正在做一个Java EE项目REST实现,我们返回了很多XML。有了这个,我们决定使用JAXB。到目前为止,我们手动编写了XML的模型。

但是已经存在这些复杂的结构,我们不知道如何编码。我们已经阅读了有关从XSD生成类的信息。我们有一个XSD。

我的问题:

1.)我读过有关XJC的文章,我在哪里可以找到它?

2.)我们必须安装整个JAXB吗? (所以我们到目前为止使用的是不是这个JAXB?)


#1 热门回答(96 赞)

从Java SE 6开始,XJC包含在JDK的bin目录中。有关示例,请参阅:

  • http://blog.bdoughan.com/2010/09/processing-atom-feeds-with-jaxb.html

博客的内容如下:

使用JAXB处理原子文件Atom是一种用于表示Web订阅源的XML格式。标准格式允许阅读器应用程序显示来自不同来源的提要。在此示例中,我们将处理此博客的Atom订阅源。
演示
在这个例子中,我们将使用JAXB将对应于此博客的Atom XML提要转换为对象,然后再转换回XML。

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.URL;
import javax.xml.bind.*;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource;
import org.w3._2005.atom.FeedType;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        JAXBContext jc = JAXBContext.newInstance("org.w3._2005.atom");

        Unmarshaller unmarshaller = jc.createUnmarshaller();
        URL url = new URL("http://bdoughan.blogspot.com/atom.xml");
        InputStream xml = url.openStream();
        JAXBElement<feedtype> feed = unmarshaller.unmarshal(new StreamSource(xml), FeedType.class);
        xml.close();

        Marshaller marshaller = jc.createMarshaller();
        marshaller.setProperty(Marshaller.JAXB_FORMATTED_OUTPUT, true);
        marshaller.marshal(feed, System.out);
    }

}

JAXB型号
模式生成以下模型到Java编译器(XJC)。我省略了get / set方法和注释以节省空间。

xjc -d generated http://www.kbcafe.com/rss/atom.xsd.xml

包信息

@XmlSchema(
        namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom",
        elementFormDefault = XmlNsForm.QUALIFIED)
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
package org.w3._2005.atom;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;

CategoryType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "categoryType")
public class CategoryType {
    @XmlAttribute(required = true)
    protected String term;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String scheme;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String label;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

内容类型

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "contentType", propOrder = {"content"})
public class ContentType {
    @XmlMixed
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> content;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String type;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String src;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

DateTimeType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.datatype.XMLGregorianCalendar;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "dateTimeType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class DateTimeType {
    @XmlValue
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "dateTime")
    protected XMLGregorianCalendar value;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

EntryType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "entryType", propOrder = {"authorOrCategoryOrContent"})
public class EntryType {
    @XmlElementRefs({
        @XmlElementRef(name = "id", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "rights", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "summary", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "title", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "author", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "source", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "updated", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "category", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "content", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "published", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "contributor", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "link", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class)
    })
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> authorOrCategoryOrContent;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

的FeedType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "feedType", propOrder = {"authorOrCategoryOrContributor"})
public class FeedType {
    @XmlElementRefs({
        @XmlElementRef(name = "link", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "updated", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "category", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "rights", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "contributor", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "title", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "id", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "generator", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "icon", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "subtitle", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "author", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "entry", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "logo", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class)
    })
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> authorOrCategoryOrContributor;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

GeneratorType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "generatorType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class GeneratorType {
    @XmlValue
    protected String value;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String uri;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String version;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

IconType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "iconType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class IconType {
    @XmlValue
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String value;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

IdType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "idType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class IdType {
    @XmlValue
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String value;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

链接类型

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "linkType", propOrder = {"content"})
public class LinkType {
    @XmlValue
    protected String content;

    @XmlAttribute(required = true)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String href;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String rel;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String type;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "NMTOKEN")
    protected String hreflang;

    @XmlAttribute
    protected String title;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "positiveInteger")
    protected BigInteger length;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

标识

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "logoType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class LogoType {
    @XmlValue
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String value;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

PersonType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "personType", propOrder = {"nameOrUriOrEmail"})
public class PersonType {
    @XmlElementRefs({
        @XmlElementRef(name = "email", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "name", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "uri", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class)
    })
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> nameOrUriOrEmail;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

SourceType中

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "sourceType", propOrder = {"authorOrCategoryOrContributor"})
public class SourceType {
    @XmlElementRefs({
        @XmlElementRef(name = "updated", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "category", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "subtitle", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "logo", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "generator", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "icon", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "title", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "id", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "author", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "contributor", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "link", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class),
        @XmlElementRef(name = "rights", namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom", type = JAXBElement.class)
    })
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> authorOrCategoryOrContributor;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

TextType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "textType", propOrder = {"content"})
public class TextType {
    @XmlMixed
    @XmlAnyElement(lax = true)
    protected List<Object> content;

    @XmlAttribute
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    protected String type;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

UriType

package org.w3._2005.atom;

import java.util.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.adapters.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;

@XmlType(name = "uriType", propOrder = {"value"})
public class UriType {
    @XmlValue
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String value;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "anyURI")
    protected String base;

    @XmlAttribute(namespace = "http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace")
    @XmlJavaTypeAdapter(CollapsedStringAdapter.class)
    @XmlSchemaType(name = "language")
    protected String lang;

    @XmlAnyAttribute
    private Map<QName, String> otherAttributes = new HashMap<QName, String>();
}

#2 热门回答(45 赞)

ForEclipse STS(至少3.5)你不需要安装任何东西.**右键单击schema.xsd - > Generate - > JAXB Classes。**你必须在下一步中指定包和位置,所有这些都应该生成你的类。我猜所有上面提到的解决方案都有效,但这似乎是最简单的(对于STS用户)。

[更新] Eclipse STS版本3.6(基于Kepler)具有相同的功能。

blah


#3 热门回答(17 赞)

1)你可以使用标准的java utilityxjc-([你的java home目录] \ bin \ xjc.exe)。但是你需要创建.bat(或.sh)脚本才能使用它。

例如generate.bat:

[your java home dir]\bin\xjc.exe %1 %2 %3

例如测试scheme.xsd:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema version="1.0"
           xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
           elementFormDefault="qualified" 
           targetNamespace="http://myprojects.net/xsd/TestScheme"
           xmlns="http://myprojects.net/xsd/TestScheme">
    <xs:element name="employee" type="PersonInfoType"/>

    <xs:complexType name="PersonInfoType">
        <xs:sequence>
            <xs:element name="firstname" type="xs:string"/>
            <xs:element name="lastname" type="xs:string"/>
        </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
</xs:schema>

使用以下参数运行.bat文件:generate.bat test-scheme.xsd -d [your src dir]

有关更多信息,请使用此文档-http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/5/tutorial/doc/bnazg.html

这-http://docs.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/technotes/tools/share/xjc.html

2)默认情况下,JAXB(xjc实用程序)与JDK6一起安装。