GSON投掷“预期BEGIN_OBJECT但是BEGIN_ARRAY”? [重复]

问题

这个问题在这里已有答案:

  • 为什么Gson fromJson会抛出一个JsonSyntaxException:预期某些类型但是还有其他类型? 2个答案

我正在尝试解析像这样的JSON字符串

[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]

到对象列表。

List<channelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<channelSearchEnum>) new Gson().fromJson( jstring , channelSearchEnum.class);

这是我正在使用的对象类。

import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;

public class channelSearchEnum {



@SerializedName("updated_at")
private String updated_at;

@SerializedName("fetched_at")
private String fetched_at;

@SerializedName("description")
private String description;

@SerializedName("language")
private String language;

@SerializedName("title")
private String title;

@SerializedName("url")
private String url;

@SerializedName("icon_url")
private String icon_url;

@SerializedName("logo_url")
private String logo_url;

@SerializedName("id")
private String id;

@SerializedName("modified")
private String modified;

public final String get_Updated_at() {
    return this.updated_at;
}

public final String get_Fetched_at() {
    return this.fetched_at;
}

public final String get_Description() {
    return this.description;
}

public final String get_Language() {
    return this.language;
}

public final String get_Title() {
    return this.title;
}

public final String get_Url() {
    return this.url;
}

public final String get_Icon_url() {
    return this.icon_url;
}

public final String get_Logo_url() {
    return this.logo_url;
}

public final String get_Id() {
    return this.id;
}

public final String get_Modified() {
    return this.modified;
}

        }

但它让我感到高兴

com.google.gson.JsonSyntaxException: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Expected BEGIN_OBJECT but was BEGIN_ARRAY at line 1 column 2

任何想法我该如何解决?


#1 热门回答(246 赞)

问题是你告诉241159645你有一个类型的对象。你没有。你有一个类型的对象数组。你不能试着像这样投出结果并期望它神奇地工作;)

用户指南Gson解释如何处理:
https://github.com/google/gson/blob/master/UserGuide.md
这将有效:

channelSearchEnum[] enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, channelSearchEnum[].class);

但这更好:

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<Collection<channelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
Collection<channelSearchEnum> enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, collectionType);

#2 热门回答(34 赞)

问题是你要求的是一个类型为channelSearchEnum的对象,但你实际拥有的是一个类型为List<channelSearchEnum>的对象。

你可以用:

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<List<channelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
List<channelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<channelSearchEnum>) new Gson()
               .fromJson( jstring , collectionType);

#3 热门回答(18 赞)

在我的情况下JSON字符串:

[{"category":"College Affordability",
  "uid":"150151",
  "body":"Ended more than $60 billion in wasteful subsidies for big banks and used the savings to put the cost of college within reach for more families.",
  "url":"http:\/\/www.whitehouse.gov\/economy\/middle-class\/helping middle-class-families-pay-for-college",
  "url_title":"ending subsidies for student loan lenders",
  "type":"Progress",
  "path":"node\/150385"}]

我在recycleview中打印"category"和"url_title"

Datum.class

import com.google.gson.annotations.Expose;
import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;

public class Datum {
@SerializedName("category")
@Expose
private String category;
@SerializedName("uid")
@Expose
private String uid;
@SerializedName("url_title")
@Expose
private String urlTitle;

/**
 * @return The category
 */
public String getCategory() {
    return category;
}

/**
 * @param category The category
 */
public void setCategory(String category) {
    this.category = category;
}

/**
 * @return The uid
 */
public String getUid() {
    return uid;
}

/**
 * @param uid The uid
 */
public void setUid(String uid) {
    this.uid = uid;
}

/**
 * @return The urlTitle
 */
public String getUrlTitle() {
    return urlTitle;
}

/**
 * @param urlTitle The url_title
 */
public void setUrlTitle(String urlTitle) {
    this.urlTitle = urlTitle;
}

}

RequestInterface

import java.util.List;

import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.http.GET;

/***由Shweta.Chauhan于16/07/16创建。 * /

public interface RequestInterface {

@GET("facts/json/progress/all")
Call<List<Datum>> getJSON();

}

DataAdapter的

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/***由Shweta.Chauhan于16/07/16创建。 * /

public class DataAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<DataAdapter.MyViewHolder>{

private Context context;
private List<Datum> dataList;

public DataAdapter(Context context, List<Datum> dataList) {
    this.context = context;
    this.dataList = dataList;
}

@Override
public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
    View view= LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.data,parent,false);
    return new MyViewHolder(view);
}

@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
    holder.categoryTV.setText(dataList.get(position).getCategory());
    holder.urltitleTV.setText(dataList.get(position).getUrlTitle());

}

@Override
public int getItemCount() {
    return dataList.size();
}

public class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder{

    public TextView categoryTV, urltitleTV;

    public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
        super(itemView);
        categoryTV = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.txt_category);
        urltitleTV = (TextView)     itemView.findViewById(R.id.txt_urltitle);
    }
}
}

最后是MainActivity.java

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.util.Log;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.Callback;
import retrofit2.Response;
import retrofit2.Retrofit;
import retrofit2.converter.gson.GsonConverterFactory;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

private RecyclerView recyclerView;
private DataAdapter dataAdapter;
private List<Datum> dataArrayList;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    initViews();
}

private void initViews(){
    recyclerView=(RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recycler_view);
    recyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(getApplicationContext()));
    loadJSON();
}

private void loadJSON(){
    dataArrayList = new ArrayList<>();
    Retrofit retrofit=new Retrofit.Builder().baseUrl("https://www.whitehouse.gov/").addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create()).build();
    RequestInterface requestInterface=retrofit.create(RequestInterface.class);
    Call<List<Datum>> call= requestInterface.getJSON();
    call.enqueue(new Callback<List<Datum>>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(Call<List<Datum>> call, Response<List<Datum>> response) {
            dataArrayList = response.body();
            dataAdapter=new DataAdapter(getApplicationContext(),dataArrayList);
            recyclerView.setAdapter(dataAdapter);
        }

        @Override
        public void onFailure(Call<List<Datum>> call, Throwable t) {
            Log.e("Error",t.getMessage());
        }
    });
}
}