Java身份证处理工具

身份证处理工具

 /**
  * <html>
  * <body>
  *  <P> Copyright 1994 JsonInternational</p>
  *  <p> All rights reserved.</p>
  *  <p> Created on 19941115</p>
  *  <p> Created by Jason</p>
  *  </body>
  * </html>
  */
 package cn.ucaner.alpaca.framework.utils.card;
 
 import java.text.ParseException;
 import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
 import java.util.Calendar;
 import java.util.Date;
 import java.util.HashMap;
 import java.util.Map;
 
 import cn.ucaner.alpaca.framework.utils.string.StringHelper;
 
 /**
 * @Package:cn.ucaner.framework.utils   
 * @ClassName:IdCardUtils   
 * @Description:   <p> 身份证工具类 </p>
 * @Author: - Jason 
 * @CreatTime:2017年8月30日 下午2:13:10   
 * @Modify By:   
 * @ModifyTime:  
 * @Modify marker:   
 * @version    V1.0
  */
 public class IdCardUtils extends StringHelper {
     
     /** 中国公民身份证号码最小长度。 */
     public static final int CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH = 15;
 
     /** 中国公民身份证号码最大长度。 */
     public static final int CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH = 18;
 
     /** 省、直辖市代码表 */
     public static final String[] cityCode = { "11",
             "12",
             "13",
             "14",
             "15",
             "21",
             "22",
             "23",
             "31",
             "32",
             "33",
             "34",
             "35",
             "36",
             "37",
             "41",
             "42",
             "43",
             "44",
             "45",
             "46",
             "50",
             "51",
             "52",
             "53",
             "54",
             "61",
             "62",
             "63",
             "64",
             "65",
             "71",
             "81",
             "82",
             "91" };
 
     /** 每位加权因子 */
     public static final int[] power = { 7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2, 1, 6, 3, 7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2 };
 
     /** 第18位校检码 */
     public static final String[] verifyCode = { "1", "0", "X", "9", "8", "7", "6", "5", "4", "3", "2" };
     /** 最低年限 */
     public static final int MIN = 1930;
     public static Map<String, String> cityCodes = new HashMap<String, String>();
     /** 台湾身份首字母对应数字 */
     public static Map<String, Integer> twFirstCode = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
     /** 香港身份首字母对应数字 */
     public static Map<String, Integer> hkFirstCode = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
     static {
         cityCodes.put("11", "北京");
         cityCodes.put("12", "天津");
         cityCodes.put("13", "河北");
         cityCodes.put("14", "山西");
         cityCodes.put("15", "内蒙古");
         cityCodes.put("21", "辽宁");
         cityCodes.put("22", "吉林");
         cityCodes.put("23", "黑龙江");
         cityCodes.put("31", "上海");
         cityCodes.put("32", "江苏");
         cityCodes.put("33", "浙江");
         cityCodes.put("34", "安徽");
         cityCodes.put("35", "福建");
         cityCodes.put("36", "江西");
         cityCodes.put("37", "山东");
         cityCodes.put("41", "河南");
         cityCodes.put("42", "湖北");
         cityCodes.put("43", "湖南");
         cityCodes.put("44", "广东");
         cityCodes.put("45", "广西");
         cityCodes.put("46", "海南");
         cityCodes.put("50", "重庆");
         cityCodes.put("51", "四川");
         cityCodes.put("52", "贵州");
         cityCodes.put("53", "云南");
         cityCodes.put("54", "西藏");
         cityCodes.put("61", "陕西");
         cityCodes.put("62", "甘肃");
         cityCodes.put("63", "青海");
         cityCodes.put("64", "宁夏");
         cityCodes.put("65", "新疆");
         cityCodes.put("71", "台湾");
         cityCodes.put("81", "香港");
         cityCodes.put("82", "澳门");
         cityCodes.put("91", "国外");
         twFirstCode.put("A", 10);
         twFirstCode.put("B", 11);
         twFirstCode.put("C", 12);
         twFirstCode.put("D", 13);
         twFirstCode.put("E", 14);
         twFirstCode.put("F", 15);
         twFirstCode.put("G", 16);
         twFirstCode.put("H", 17);
         twFirstCode.put("J", 18);
         twFirstCode.put("K", 19);
         twFirstCode.put("L", 20);
         twFirstCode.put("M", 21);
         twFirstCode.put("N", 22);
         twFirstCode.put("P", 23);
         twFirstCode.put("Q", 24);
         twFirstCode.put("R", 25);
         twFirstCode.put("S", 26);
         twFirstCode.put("T", 27);
         twFirstCode.put("U", 28);
         twFirstCode.put("V", 29);
         twFirstCode.put("X", 30);
         twFirstCode.put("Y", 31);
         twFirstCode.put("W", 32);
         twFirstCode.put("Z", 33);
         twFirstCode.put("I", 34);
         twFirstCode.put("O", 35);
         hkFirstCode.put("A", 1);
         hkFirstCode.put("B", 2);
         hkFirstCode.put("C", 3);
         hkFirstCode.put("R", 18);
         hkFirstCode.put("U", 21);
         hkFirstCode.put("Z", 26);
         hkFirstCode.put("X", 24);
         hkFirstCode.put("W", 23);
         hkFirstCode.put("O", 15);
         hkFirstCode.put("N", 14);
     }
 
     /**
      * 将15位身份证号码转换为18位
      * @param idCard 15位身份编码
      * @return 18位身份编码
      */
     public static String conver15CardTo18(String idCard) {
         String idCard18 = "";
         if (idCard.length() != CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return null;
         }
         if (isNum(idCard)) {
             // 获取出生年月日
             String birthday = idCard.substring(6, 12);
             Date birthDate = null;
             try {
                 birthDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yyMMdd").parse(birthday);
             } catch (ParseException e) {
                 e.printStackTrace();
             }
             Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
             if (birthDate != null) {
                 cal.setTime(birthDate);
             }
             // 获取出生年(完全表现形式,如:2010)
             String sYear = String.valueOf(cal.get(Calendar.YEAR));
             idCard18 = idCard.substring(0, 6) + sYear + idCard.substring(8);
             // 转换字符数组
             char[] cArr = idCard18.toCharArray();
             if (cArr != null) {
                 int[] iCard = converCharToInt(cArr);
                 int iSum17 = getPowerSum(iCard);
                 // 获取校验位
                 String sVal = getCheckCode18(iSum17);
                 if (sVal.length() > 0) {
                     idCard18 += sVal;
                 } else {
                     return null;
                 }
             }
         } else {
             return null;
         }
         return idCard18;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证身份证是否合法
      */
     public static boolean validateCard(String idCard) {
         String card = idCard.trim();
         if (validateIdCard18(card)) {
             return true;
         }
         if (validateIdCard15(card)) {
             return true;
         }
         String[] cardval = validateIdCard10(card);
         if (cardval != null) {
             if ("true".equals(cardval[2])) {
                 return true;
             }
         }
         return false;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证18位身份编码是否合法
      * @param idCard  身份编码
      * @return 是否合法
      */
     public static boolean validateIdCard18(String idCard) {
         boolean bTrue = false;
         if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH) {
             // 前17位
             String code17 = idCard.substring(0, 17);
             // 第18位
             String code18 = idCard.substring(17, CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH);
             if (isNum(code17)) {
                 char[] cArr = code17.toCharArray();
                 if (cArr != null) {
                     int[] iCard = converCharToInt(cArr);
                     int iSum17 = getPowerSum(iCard);
                     // 获取校验位
                     String val = getCheckCode18(iSum17);
                     if (val.length() > 0 &amp;&amp; val.equalsIgnoreCase(code18)) {
                         bTrue = true;
                     }
                 }
             }
         }
         return bTrue;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证15位身份编码是否合法
      * @param idCard  身份编码
      * @return 是否合法
      */
     public static boolean validateIdCard15(String idCard) {
         if (idCard.length() != CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return false;
         }
         if (isNum(idCard)) {
             String proCode = idCard.substring(0, 2);
             if (cityCodes.get(proCode) == null) {
                 return false;
             }
             String birthCode = idCard.substring(6, 12);
             Date birthDate = null;
             try {
                 birthDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yy").parse(birthCode.substring(0, 2));
             } catch (ParseException e) {
                 e.printStackTrace();
             }
             Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
             if (birthDate != null) {
                 cal.setTime(birthDate);
             }
             if (!valiDate(cal.get(Calendar.YEAR), Integer.valueOf(birthCode.substring(2, 4)), Integer.valueOf(birthCode.substring(4, 6)))) {
                 return false;
             }
         } else {
             return false;
         }
         return true;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证10位身份编码是否合法
      * @param idCard 身份编码
      * @return 身份证信息数组
      *         <p>
      *         [0] - 台湾、澳门、香港 [1] - 性别(男M,女F,未知N) [2] - 是否合法(合法true,不合法false)
      *         若不是身份证件号码则返回null
      *         </p>
      */
     public static String[] validateIdCard10(String idCard) {
         String[] info = new String[3];
         String card = idCard.replaceAll("[\\(|\\)]", "");
         if (card.length() != 8 &amp;&amp; card.length() != 9 &amp;&amp; idCard.length() != 10) {
             return null;
         }
         if (idCard.matches("^[a-zA-Z][0-9]{9}{1}")) { // 台湾
             info[0] = "台湾";
             System.out.println("11111");
             String char2 = idCard.substring(1, 2);
             if ("1".equals(char2)) {
                 info[1] = "M";
                 System.out.println("MMMMMMM");
             } else if ("2".equals(char2)) {
                 info[1] = "F";
                 System.out.println("FFFFFFF");
             } else {
                 info[1] = "N";
                 info[2] = "false";
                 System.out.println("NNNN");
                 return info;
             }
             info[2] = validateTWCard(idCard) ? "true" : "false";
         } else if (idCard.matches("^[1|5|7][0-9]{6}\\(?[0-9A-Z]\\)?{1}")) { // 澳门
             info[0] = "澳门";
             info[1] = "N";
         } else if (idCard.matches("^[A-Z]{1,2}[0-9]{6}\\(?[0-9A]\\)?{1}")) { // 香港
             info[0] = "香港";
             info[1] = "N";
             info[2] = validateHKCard(idCard) ? "true" : "false";
         } else {
             return null;
         }
         return info;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证台湾身份证号码
      * @param idCard 身份证号码
      * @return 验证码是否符合
      */
     public static boolean validateTWCard(String idCard) {
         String start = idCard.substring(0, 1);
         String mid = idCard.substring(1, 9);
         String end = idCard.substring(9, 10);
         Integer iStart = twFirstCode.get(start);
         Integer sum = iStart / 10 + ( iStart % 10 ) * 9;
         char[] chars = mid.toCharArray();
         Integer iflag = 8;
         for (char c : chars) {
             sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(c + "") * iflag;
             iflag--;
         }
         return ( sum % 10 == 0 ? 0 : ( 10 - sum % 10 ) ) == Integer.valueOf(end) ? true : false;
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证香港身份证号码(存在Bug,部份特殊身份证无法检查)
      * <p>
      * 身份证前2位为英文字符,如果只出现一个英文字符则表示第一位是空格,对应数字58 前2位英文字符A-Z分别对应数字10-35
      * 最后一位校验码为0-9的数字加上字符"A","A"代表10
      * </p>
      * <p>
      * 将身份证号码全部转换为数字,分别对应乘9-1相加的总和,整除11则证件号码有效
      * </p>
      * @param idCard  身份证号码
      * @return 验证码是否符合
      */
     public static boolean validateHKCard(String idCard) {
         String card = idCard.replaceAll("[\\(|\\)]", "");
         Integer sum = 0;
         if (card.length() == 9) {
             sum =
                     ( Integer.valueOf(card.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55 ) * 9
                             + ( Integer.valueOf(card.substring(1, 2).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55 ) * 8;
             card = card.substring(1, 9);
         } else {
             sum = 522 + ( Integer.valueOf(card.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55 ) * 8;
         }
         String mid = card.substring(1, 7);
         String end = card.substring(7, 8);
         char[] chars = mid.toCharArray();
         Integer iflag = 7;
         for (char c : chars) {
             sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(c + "") * iflag;
             iflag--;
         }
         if ("A".equals(end.toUpperCase())) {
             sum = sum + 10;
         } else {
             sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(end);
         }
         return ( sum % 11 == 0 ) ? true : false;
     }
 
     /**
      * 将字符数组转换成数字数组
      * @param ca  字符数组
      * @return 数字数组
      */
     public static int[] converCharToInt(char[] ca) {
         int len = ca.length;
         int[] iArr = new int[len];
         try {
             for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
                 iArr[i] = Integer.parseInt(String.valueOf(ca[i]));
             }
         } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
             e.printStackTrace();
         }
         return iArr;
     }
 
     /**
      * 将身份证的每位和对应位的加权因子相乘之后,再得到和值
      * @param iArr
      * @return 身份证编码。
      */
     public static int getPowerSum(int[] iArr) {
         int iSum = 0;
         if (power.length == iArr.length) {
             for (int i = 0; i < iArr.length; i++) {
                 for (int j = 0; j < power.length; j++) {
                     if (i == j) {
                         iSum = iSum + iArr[i] * power[j];
                     }
                 }
             }
         }
         return iSum;
     }
 
     /**
      * 将power和值与11取模获得余数进行校验码判断
      * @param iSum
      * @return 校验位
      */
     public static String getCheckCode18(int iSum) {
         String sCode = "";
         switch (iSum % 11) {
         case 10:
             sCode = "2";
             break;
         case 9:
             sCode = "3";
             break;
         case 8:
             sCode = "4";
             break;
         case 7:
             sCode = "5";
             break;
         case 6:
             sCode = "6";
             break;
         case 5:
             sCode = "7";
             break;
         case 4:
             sCode = "8";
             break;
         case 3:
             sCode = "9";
             break;
         case 2:
             sCode = "x";
             break;
         case 1:
             sCode = "0";
             break;
         case 0:
             sCode = "1";
             break;
         default:
             sCode = "-1";
         }
         return sCode;
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取年龄
      * @param idCard  身份编号
      * @return 年龄
      */
     public static int getAgeByIdCard(String idCard) {
         int iAge = 0;
         if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         String year = idCard.substring(6, 10);
         Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
         int iCurrYear = cal.get(Calendar.YEAR);
         iAge = iCurrYear - Integer.valueOf(year);
         return iAge;
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取生日
      * @param idCard 身份编号
      * @return 生日(yyyyMMdd)
      */
     public static String getBirthByIdCard(String idCard) {
         Integer len = idCard.length();
         if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return null;
         } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         return idCard.substring(6, 14);
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取生日年
      * @param idCard  身份编号
      * @return 生日(yyyy)
      */
     public static Short getYearByIdCard(String idCard) {
         Integer len = idCard.length();
         if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return null;
         } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(6, 10));
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取生日月
      * @param idCard 身份编号
      * @return 生日(MM)
      */
     public static Short getMonthByIdCard(String idCard) {
         Integer len = idCard.length();
         if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return null;
         } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(10, 12));
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取生日天
      * @param idCard  身份编号
      * @return 生日(dd)
      */
     public static Short getDateByIdCard(String idCard) {
         Integer len = idCard.length();
         if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             return null;
         } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(12, 14));
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取性别
      * @param idCard  身份编号
      * @return 性别(M-男,F-女,N-未知)
      */
     public static String getGenderByIdCard(String idCard) {
         String sGender = "N";
         if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {
             idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);
         }
         String sCardNum = idCard.substring(16, 17);
         if (Integer.parseInt(sCardNum) % 2 != 0) {
             sGender = "M";
         } else {
             sGender = "F";
         }
         return sGender;
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份编号获取户籍省份
      * @param idCard 身份编码
      * @return 省级编码。
      */
     public static String getProvinceByIdCard(String idCard) {
         int len = idCard.length();
         String sProvince = null;
         String sProvinNum = "";
         if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH || len == CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH) {
             sProvinNum = idCard.substring(0, 2);
         }
         sProvince = cityCodes.get(sProvinNum);
         return sProvince;
     }
 
     /**
      * 数字验证
      * @param val
      * @return 提取的数字。
      */
     public static boolean isNum(String val) {
         return val == null || "".equals(val) ? false : val.matches("^[0-9]*{1}");
     }
 
     /**
      * 验证小于当前日期 是否有效
      * @param iYear  待验证日期(年)
      * @param iMonth 待验证日期(月 1-12)
      * @param iDate 待验证日期(日)
      * @return 是否有效
      */
     public static boolean valiDate(int iYear, int iMonth, int iDate) {
         Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
         int year = cal.get(Calendar.YEAR);
         int datePerMonth;
         if (iYear < MIN || iYear >= year) {
             return false;
         }
         if (iMonth < 1 || iMonth > 12) {
             return false;
         }
         switch (iMonth) {
         case 4:
         case 6:
         case 9:
         case 11:
             datePerMonth = 30;
             break;
         case 2:
             boolean dm = ( ( iYear % 4 == 0 &amp;&amp; iYear % 100 != 0 ) || ( iYear % 400 == 0 ) ) &amp;&amp; ( iYear > MIN &amp;&amp; iYear < year );
             datePerMonth = dm ? 29 : 28;
             break;
         default:
             datePerMonth = 31;
         }
         return ( iDate >= 1 ) &amp;&amp; ( iDate <= datePerMonth );
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份证号,自动获取对应的星座
      * @param idCard 身份证号码
      * @return 星座
      */
     public static String getConstellationById(String idCard) {
         if (!validateCard(idCard)) {
             return "";
         }
         int month = IdCardUtils.getMonthByIdCard(idCard);
         int day = IdCardUtils.getDateByIdCard(idCard);
         String strValue = "";
 
         if ( ( month == 1 &amp;&amp; day >= 20 ) || ( month == 2 &amp;&amp; day <= 18 )) {
             strValue = "水瓶座";
         } else if ( ( month == 2 &amp;&amp; day >= 19 ) || ( month == 3 &amp;&amp; day <= 20 )) {
             strValue = "双鱼座";
         } else if ( ( month == 3 &amp;&amp; day > 20 ) || ( month == 4 &amp;&amp; day <= 19 )) {
             strValue = "白羊座";
         } else if ( ( month == 4 &amp;&amp; day >= 20 ) || ( month == 5 &amp;&amp; day <= 20 )) {
             strValue = "金牛座";
         } else if ( ( month == 5 &amp;&amp; day >= 21 ) || ( month == 6 &amp;&amp; day <= 21 )) {
             strValue = "双子座";
         } else if ( ( month == 6 &amp;&amp; day > 21 ) || ( month == 7 &amp;&amp; day <= 22 )) {
             strValue = "巨蟹座";
         } else if ( ( month == 7 &amp;&amp; day > 22 ) || ( month == 8 &amp;&amp; day <= 22 )) {
             strValue = "狮子座";
         } else if ( ( month == 8 &amp;&amp; day >= 23 ) || ( month == 9 &amp;&amp; day <= 22 )) {
             strValue = "处女座";
         } else if ( ( month == 9 &amp;&amp; day >= 23 ) || ( month == 10 &amp;&amp; day <= 23 )) {
             strValue = "天秤座";
         } else if ( ( month == 10 &amp;&amp; day > 23 ) || ( month == 11 &amp;&amp; day <= 22 )) {
             strValue = "天蝎座";
         } else if ( ( month == 11 &amp;&amp; day > 22 ) || ( month == 12 &amp;&amp; day <= 21 )) {
             strValue = "射手座";
         } else if ( ( month == 12 &amp;&amp; day > 21 ) || ( month == 1 &amp;&amp; day <= 19 )) {
             strValue = "魔羯座";
         }
 
         return strValue;
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份证号,自动获取对应的生肖
      * @param idCard  身份证号码
      * @return 生肖
      */
     public static String getZodiacById(String idCard) { // 根据身份证号,自动返回对应的生肖
         if (!validateCard(idCard)) {
             return "";
         }
         String[] sSX = { "猪", "鼠", "牛", "虎", "兔", "龙", "蛇", "马", "羊", "猴", "鸡", "狗" };
         int year = IdCardUtils.getYearByIdCard(idCard);
         int end = 3;
         int x = ( year - end ) % 12;
         String retValue = "";
         retValue = sSX[x];
 
         return retValue;
     }
 
     /**
      * 根据身份证号,自动获取对应的天干地支
      * @param idCard  身份证号码
      * @return 天干地支
      */
     public static String getChineseEraById(String idCard) { // 根据身份证号,自动返回对应的生肖
         if (!validateCard(idCard)) {
             return "";
         }
         String[] sTG = { "癸", "甲", "乙", "丙", "丁", "戊", "己", "庚", "辛", "任" };
         String[] sDZ = { "亥", "子", "丑", "寅", "卯", "辰", "巳", "午", "未", "申", "酉", "戌" };
 
         int year = IdCardUtils.getYearByIdCard(idCard);
         int i = ( year - 3 ) % 10;
         int j = ( year - 3 ) % 12;
 
         String retValue = "";
         retValue = sTG[i] + sDZ[j];
 
         return retValue;
     }
 
     /**
      * Test for Jason
      */
     public static void main(String[] args) {
         String idCard = "430601199411151234";
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getGenderByIdCard(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getBirthByIdCard(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getMonthByIdCard(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getDateByIdCard(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getConstellationById(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getZodiacById(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getChineseEraById(idCard));
         System.out.println(IdCardUtils.getProvinceByIdCard(idCard));
         //M 19941115 11 15 天蝎座 狗 甲戌 湖南
     }
 }