如何在Android中获取移动设备的纬度和经度?

问题

如何使用位置工具获取Android中移动设备的当前纬度和经度?


#1 热门回答(286 赞)

使用LocationManager

LocationManager lm = (LocationManager)getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE); 
Location location = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
double longitude = location.getLongitude();
double latitude = location.getLatitude();

调用togetLastKnownLocation()不会阻止 - 这意味着它将返回null如果当前没有位置 - 所以你可能想看看将aLocationListener传递给requestLocationUpdates()methodinstead,这将为你提供你的位置的异步更新。

private final LocationListener locationListener = new LocationListener() {
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        longitude = location.getLongitude();
        latitude = location.getLatitude();
    }
}

lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 2000, 10, locationListener);

如果你想使用GPS,则需要为你的应用程序提供ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION许可。

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

你可能还希望在GPS不可用时添加ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION许可,并使用getBestProvider()方法选择你的位置提供商。


#2 热门回答(37 赞)

这是classLocationFinder找到GPS的位置。这个课程将致电MyLocation,它将开展业务。
LocationFinder

public class LocationFinder extends Activity {

    int increment = 4;
    MyLocation myLocation = new MyLocation();

    // private ProgressDialog dialog;

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.intermediat);
        myLocation.getLocation(getApplicationContext(), locationResult);

        boolean r = myLocation.getLocation(getApplicationContext(),
            locationResult);

        startActivity(new Intent(LocationFinder.this,
        // Nearbyhotelfinder.class));
            GPSMyListView.class));
        finish();
    }

    public LocationResult locationResult = new LocationResult() {

        @Override
        public void gotLocation(Location location) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            double Longitude = location.getLongitude();
            double Latitude = location.getLatitude();

            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Got Location",
                Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

            try {
                SharedPreferences locationpref = getApplication()
                    .getSharedPreferences("location", MODE_WORLD_READABLE);
                SharedPreferences.Editor prefsEditor = locationpref.edit();
                prefsEditor.putString("Longitude", Longitude + "");
                prefsEditor.putString("Latitude", Latitude + "");
                prefsEditor.commit();
                System.out.println("SHARE PREFERENCE ME PUT KAR DIYA.");
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    };

    // handler for the background updating

}

MyLocation

public class MyLocation {

    Timer timer1;
    LocationManager lm;
    LocationResult locationResult;
    boolean gps_enabled=false;
    boolean network_enabled=false;

    public boolean getLocation(Context context, LocationResult result)
    {
        //I use LocationResult callback class to pass location value from MyLocation to user code.
        locationResult=result;
        if(lm==null)
            lm = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        //exceptions will be thrown if provider is not permitted.
        try{gps_enabled=lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);}catch(Exception ex){}
        try{network_enabled=lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);}catch(Exception ex){}

        //Toast.makeText(context, gps_enabled+" "+network_enabled,     Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

        //don't start listeners if no provider is enabled
        if(!gps_enabled && !network_enabled)
            return false;

        if(gps_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListenerGps);
        if(network_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListenerNetwork);
        timer1=new Timer();


        timer1.schedule(new GetLastLocation(), 10000);
    //    Toast.makeText(context, " Yaha Tak AAya", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        return true;
    }

    LocationListener locationListenerGps = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);
        }
        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}
        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}
        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}
    };

    LocationListener locationListenerNetwork = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
        }
        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}
        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}
        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}
    };

    class GetLastLocation extends TimerTask {
        @Override

        public void run() {

            //Context context = getClass().getgetApplicationContext();
             Location net_loc=null, gps_loc=null;
             if(gps_enabled)
                 gps_loc=lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
             if(network_enabled)
                 net_loc=lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

             //if there are both values use the latest one
             if(gps_loc!=null && net_loc!=null){
                 if(gps_loc.getTime()>net_loc.getTime())
                     locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                 else
                     locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                 return;
             }

             if(gps_loc!=null){
                 locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                 return;
             }
             if(net_loc!=null){
                 locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                 return;
             }
             locationResult.gotLocation(null);
        }
    }

    public static abstract class LocationResult{
        public abstract void gotLocation(Location location);
    }
}

#3 热门回答(18 赞)

Withgooglethings经常变化:以前的答案中没有一个适合我。
2016年4月
基于this google training你是如何使用的

融合位置提供商

这需要设置Google Play服务
活动类别

public class GPSTrackerActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements
    GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks,     
 GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener {

private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
Location mLastLocation;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    if (mGoogleApiClient == null) {
        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
    }

}

protected void onStart() {
    mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    super.onStart();
}

protected void onStop() {
    mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
    super.onStop();
}

@Override
public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
    try {

        mLastLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(
                mGoogleApiClient);
        if (mLastLocation != null) {
            Intent intent = new Intent();
            intent.putExtra("Longitude", mLastLocation.getLongitude());
            intent.putExtra("Latitude", mLastLocation.getLatitude());
            setResult(1,intent);
            finish();

        }
    } catch (SecurityException e) {

    }

}

@Override
public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {

}

@Override
public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {

}
}

用法
在你的活动中

Intent intent = new Intent(context, GPSTrackerActivity.class);
    startActivityForResult(intent,1);

而这种方法

protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
    if(requestCode == 1){
        Bundle extras = data.getExtras();
        Double longitude = extras.getDouble("Longitude");
        Double latitude = extras.getDouble("Latitude");
    }
}