Android在设置时添加简单的动画(view.Gone)

问题

我设计了一个简单的布局。我已经完成了没有动画的设计,但现在我想在textview点击事件时添加动画,我不知道如何使用它。我的xml设计看起来好不好?任何建议,将不胜感激。
我的XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:longClickable="false"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:weightSum="16" >

<LinearLayout 
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#00DDA0"
    android:layout_weight="3" >
</LinearLayout>
 <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="1dp" 
        android:text="Child Information" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>

 <LinearLayout
     android:id="@+id/layout1"
     android:layout_width="fill_parent"
     android:layout_height="0dp"
     android:layout_weight="8.5"
     android:background="#BBBBBB"
     android:orientation="vertical" >

     <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView1"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" />
 </LinearLayout>

  <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information2"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp" 
        android:text="Parent Information" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>
  <LinearLayout 
          android:id="@+id/layout2"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#BBBBBB"
    android:layout_weight="8.5" >
     <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView2"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" />
      </LinearLayout>
   <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information3"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp" 
        android:text="Siblings" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>
   <LinearLayout 
          android:id="@+id/layout3"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#BBBBBB"
    android:layout_weight="8.5" >
     <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView3"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" />
      </LinearLayout>
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information4"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp" 
        android:text="Teacher Information" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>
    <LinearLayout 
          android:id="@+id/layout4"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#BBBBBB"
    android:layout_weight="8.5" >
     <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView4"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" />
      </LinearLayout>
     <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information5"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp" 
        android:text="Grade Information" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>
     <LinearLayout 
          android:id="@+id/layout5"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#BBBBBB"
    android:layout_weight="8.5" >
     <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView5"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" />
      </LinearLayout>
      <TextView
        android:id="@+id/Information6"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp" 
        android:text="Health Information" 
        android:background="#0390BE"
        android:layout_weight="0.75"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:layout_gravity="center|fill_horizontal"/>
      <LinearLayout 
          android:id="@+id/layout6"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:background="#BBBBBB"
    android:layout_weight="8.5" >
    <TextView
         android:id="@+id/textView5"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"        
         android:text="TextView" 
         android:layout_weight="8.5" />
      </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

我的java

public class Certify_Info extends Activity {

    private static TextView tv2,tv3,tv5,tv6,tv4,tv1;
    private static LinearLayout l1,l2,l3,l4,l5,l6;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_certify__info);

        tv1=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information1);
        tv2=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information2);
        tv3=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information3);
        tv4=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information4);
        tv5=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information5);
        tv6=(TextView) findViewById(R.id.Information6); 

        l1=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout1);
        l2=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout2);
        l3=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout3);
        l4=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout4);
        l5=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout5);
        l6=(LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout6); 

        l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
        l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
        l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);

        tv1.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            }
        });
        tv2.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            }
        });
        tv3.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

            }
        });
        tv4.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l4.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); 
            }
        });
        tv5.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l6.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l5.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); 
            }
        });
        tv6.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                l1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l3.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l4.setVisibility(View.GONE); 
                l5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                l6.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            }
        });

    }
}

#1 热门回答(456 赞)

你可以做两件事来添加动画,首先你可以让android动画布局更改。这样每次你在布局中改变一些东西,如改变视图可见性或视图位置时,android会自动创建淡入淡出/过渡动画。要使用该集

android:animateLayoutChanges="true"

在布局中的根节点上。

你的第二个选择是手动添加动画。为此,我建议你使用Android 3.0(Honeycomb)中引入的新动画API。我可以举几个例子:

这淡出aView

view.animate().alpha(0.0f);

这消失了:

view.animate().alpha(1.0f);

这将移动aView的高度:

view.animate().translationY(view.getHeight());

在将其移动到其他位置之后,这会将2646499482返回到其起始位置:

view.animate().translationY(0);

你也可以使用setDuration()设置动画的持续时间。例如,这会在2秒的时间内淡出aView

view.animate().alpha(0.0f).setDuration(2000);

并且你可以根据需要组合任意数量的动画,例如,这会淡出aView并在0.3秒的时间内同时向下移动:

view.animate()
        .translationY(view.getHeight())
        .alpha(0.0f)
        .setDuration(300);

你还可以为动画分配侦听器并对各种事件做出反应。就像动画开始时,它结束或重复等一样。通过使用抽象类AnimatorListenerAdapter,你不必实现所有回调AnimatorListener一次但只需要你需要的回调。这使代码更具可读性。例如,以下代码淡出aView在0.3秒(300毫秒)的时间内将其高度降低,并且当动画完成时,其可见性设置为View.GONE

view.animate()
        .translationY(view.getHeight())
        .alpha(0.0f)
        .setDuration(300)
        .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                super.onAnimationEnd(animation);
                view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            }
        });

#2 热门回答(18 赞)

请检查thislink。这将允许像L2R,R2L,T2B,B2T动画这样的动画。

此代码从左到右显示动画

TranslateAnimation animate = new TranslateAnimation(0,view.getWidth(),0,0);
animate.setDuration(500);
animate.setFillAfter(true);
view.startAnimation(animate);
view.setVisibility(View.GONE);

如果你想从R2L那里做,那就用吧

TranslateAnimation animate = new TranslateAnimation(0,-view.getWidth(),0,0);

从上到下为

TranslateAnimation animate = new TranslateAnimation(0,0,0,view.getHeight());

反之亦然..


#3 热门回答(11 赞)

基于@Xaver Kapeller的答案,我想出了一种在屏幕上出现新视图时创建滚动动画的方法(以及隐藏它们的动画)。

它来自这个状态:

  • 按钮
  • 最后一个按钮

  • 按钮
  • 按钮1
  • 按钮2
  • 按钮3
  • 按钮4
  • 最后一个按钮

反之亦然。

因此,当用户点击第一个按钮时,元素"按钮1","按钮2","按钮3"和"按钮4"将使用淡入淡出动画出现,元素"最后一个按钮"将向下移动直到结束。布局的高度也会改变,允许正确使用滚动视图。

这是用动画显示元素的代码:

private void showElements() {
    // Precondition
    if (areElementsVisible()) {
        Log.w(TAG, "The view is already visible. Nothing to do here");
        return;
    }

    // Animate the hidden linear layout as visible and set
    // the alpha as 0.0. Otherwise the animation won't be shown
    mHiddenLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
    mHiddenLinearLayout.setAlpha(0.0f);
    mHiddenLinearLayout
            .animate()
            .setDuration(ANIMATION_TRANSITION_TIME)
            .alpha(1.0f)
            .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                @Override
                public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                    super.onAnimationEnd(animation);
                    updateShowElementsButton();
                    mHiddenLinearLayout.animate().setListener(null);
                }
            })
    ;

    mLastButton
            .animate()
            .setDuration(ANIMATION_TRANSITION_TIME)
            .translationY(mHiddenLinearLayoutHeight);

    // Update the high of all the elements relativeLayout
    LayoutParams layoutParams = mAllElementsRelativeLayout.getLayoutParams();

    // TODO: Add vertical margins
    layoutParams.height = mLastButton.getHeight() + mHiddenLinearLayoutHeight;
}

这是隐藏动画元素的代码:

private void hideElements() {
    // Precondition
    if (!areElementsVisible()) {
        Log.w(TAG, "The view is already non-visible. Nothing to do here");
        return;
    }

    // Animate the hidden linear layout as visible and set
    mHiddenLinearLayout
            .animate()
            .setDuration(ANIMATION_TRANSITION_TIME)
            .alpha(0.0f)
            .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                @Override
                public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                    Log.v(TAG, "Animation ended. Set the view as gone");
                    super.onAnimationEnd(animation);
                    mHiddenLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    // Hack: Remove the listener. So it won't be executed when
                    // any other animation on this view is executed
                    mHiddenLinearLayout.animate().setListener(null);
                    updateShowElementsButton();
                }
            })
    ;

    mLastButton
            .animate()
            .setDuration(ANIMATION_TRANSITION_TIME)
            .translationY(0);

    // Update the high of all the elements relativeLayout
    LayoutParams layoutParams = mAllElementsRelativeLayout.getLayoutParams();

    // TODO: Add vertical margins
    layoutParams.height = mLastButton.getHeight();
}

注意隐藏动画的方法有一个简单的黑客攻击。在动画侦听器mHiddenLinearLayout上,我不得不使用以下方法删除侦听器本身:

mHiddenLinearLayout.animate().setListener(null);

这是因为一旦将动画侦听器附加到视图,下次在此视图中执行任何动画时,也将执行侦听器。这可能是动画侦听器中的错误。

该项目的源代码在GitHub上:https://github.com/jiahaoliuliu/ViewsAnimated

快乐的编码!

更新:对于附加到视图的任何侦听器,应在动画结束后将其删除。这是通过使用完成的

view.animate().setListener(null);