IntelliJ Maven Selenium Build jar

我使用的是IntelliJ 12,Java 7,Selenium 2.31.0和Maven . 我可以在IDE中运行我的测试就好了,但是我在尝试创建一个jar文件时遇到了问题 . 我可以创建jar文件,双击mvn clean,然后双击安装 . 一切都很好, jar 就被创造了 . 当我通过命令行运行jar时会出现问题 .

java -jar xyz-selenium-test-1.0.jar

返回:线程“main”中的异常java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError:org / openqa / selenium / WebDriver

我在项目设置中添加了selenium-server-standalone-2.31.0.jar作为库,并在项目设置中添加了依赖模块 . 我必须在我的pom文件中遗漏一些东西,但我只是不知道它是什么 . 我也附上了我的pom文件 .

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>com.xyz.selenium.test</groupId>
<artifactId>xyz-selenium-test</artifactId>
<packaging>jar</packaging>
<version>1.0</version>
<name>xyz-selenium-test</name>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
<version>2.31.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-firefox-driver</artifactId>
<version>2.31.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-htmlunit-driver</artifactId>
<version>2.31.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<version>4.11</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>selenium-jar</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-server-standalone-2.31.0.jar</artifactId>
<version>2.31.0</version>
<scope>system</scope>
<systemPath>/usr/local/selenium/selenium-server-standalone-2.31.0.jar</systemPath>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<dependencyManagement>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-firefox-driver</artifactId>
<version>2.31.0</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
<artifactId>selenium-remote-driver</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-plugin-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.0</version>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.0</version>
<configuration>
<source>1.7</source>
<target>1.7</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.4</version>
<configuration>
<archive>
<index>true</index>
<manifest>
<addClasspath>true</addClasspath>
<mainClass>com.setup.test.Setup</mainClass>
</manifest>
<manifestEntries>
<mode>development</mode>
<url>${project.url}</url>
<key>value</key>
</manifestEntries>
</archive>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>

回答(2)

2 years ago

运行程序时,必须将依赖项添加到类路径中:

java -cp "selenium-java.jar:..." -jar xyz-selenium-test-1.0.jar

Maven还允许您在类路径中使用run a Main class with all the required dependencies(参见上一个链接中的选项1) .

否则,您可以创建Jar with dependencies,其中包含运行代码所需的一切:

<plugin>
  <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
  <configuration>
    <archive>
      <manifest>
        <mainClass>com.setup.test.Setup</mainClass>
      </manifest>
    </archive>
    <descriptorRefs>
      <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>
    </descriptorRefs>
  </configuration>
  <executions>
    <execution>
      <id>make-assembly</id>
      <phase>package</phase>
      <goals>
        <goal>single</goal>
      </goals>
    </execution>
  </executions>
</plugin>

并运行

java -jar xyz-selenium-test-jar-with-dependencies-1.0.jar

2 years ago

您也可以使用OneJar插件

<plugin>
            <groupId>org.dstovall</groupId>
            <artifactId>onejar-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.4</version>
            <executions>
                <execution>
                    <configuration>
                        <onejarVersion>0.97</onejarVersion>
                        <attachToBuild>true</attachToBuild>
                        <!-- Optional, default is "onejar" -->
                        <classifier>onejar</classifier>
                    </configuration>
                    <goals>
                        <goal>one-jar</goal>
                    </goals>
                </execution>
            </executions>
        </plugin>