Spring @Transactional注释被忽略了

我的@Transactionnal注释似乎被忽略了 . 我对Spring容器的初始化没有错误 . 看起来我的方法还没有被Spring TX框架代理 . 在执行我的服务方法期间,JDBCTemplate会抛出预期的RuntimeException . 问题是JDBC连接没有回滚并且更改是持久的 . 堆栈跟踪不显示应该包装我的服务方法的代理的任何符号 .

编辑:添加了控制器的代码

编辑2:添加了服务的界面

这是我的服务界面 .

public interface ApplicationsService {
    public Application getApplicationById(int id);

    public void createApplication(Application application);

    public void createInstance(Application application);

    public Map<Integer, Application> getUserApplications(String username);

    public Application newApplication(String email);
}

这是我的服务 .

@Service
public class ApplicationsServiceImpl implements ApplicationsService {
    ...
    @Transactional
    public void createApplication(Application application){
        // Persisting the application.
        applicationDAO.createApplication(application);
        application.setId(
            applicationDAO.findApplicationId(application.getName(), application.getAccount().getEmail())
        );

        // Creating the physical instance.
        createInstance(application);
    }
    ...
}

Spring Controller负责方法调用 .

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/applications")
public class ApplicationsController {
    ...
    @Autowired
    private ApplicationsService applicationsService;
    ...

    @RequestMapping(method=RequestMethod.POST)
    public String saveApplication(
        @Valid Application application, 
        BindingResult bindingResult, 
        Principal principal
    ){  
        application.setAccount(this.accountService.getAccount(principal.getName()));
        this.applicationsService.createApplication(application);

        return "application/creatingApplication";
    }
    ...
}

这是我的Spring事务配置

<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd

                            http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
                            http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.1.xsd"
>
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="DADataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <tx:annotation-driven />
</beans>

在执行createApplication期间,JDBCTemplate将启动RuntimeException,并且不会回滚事务 .

GRAVE: Servlet.service() for servlet [DACloudWeb] in context with path [/DACloudWeb] threw exception [Request processing failed; 
nested exception is org.springframework.jdbc.UncategorizedSQLException: PreparedStatementCallback; uncategorized SQLException for SQL [INSERT INTO instances (  serverId,   appId,  lastDeployment ) VALUES (   ?,?,? ) ]; SQL state [HY000]; error code [1364]; Field 'status' doesn't have a default value; nested exception is java.sql.SQLException: Field 'status' doesn't have a default value] with root cause
    java.sql.SQLException: Field 'status' doesn't have a default value
        at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:1073)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:3609)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:3541)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sendCommand(MysqlIO.java:2002)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sqlQueryDirect(MysqlIO.java:2163)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.execSQL(ConnectionImpl.java:2624)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeInternal(PreparedStatement.java:2127)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeUpdate(PreparedStatement.java:2427)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeUpdate(PreparedStatement.java:2345)
        at com.mysql.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeUpdate(PreparedStatement.java:2330)
        at org.apache.tomcat.dbcp.dbcp.DelegatingPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(DelegatingPreparedStatement.java:105)
        at org.apache.tomcat.dbcp.dbcp.DelegatingPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(DelegatingPreparedStatement.java:105)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate$2.doInPreparedStatement(JdbcTemplate.java:818)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate$2.doInPreparedStatement(JdbcTemplate.java:1)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:587)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.update(JdbcTemplate.java:812)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.update(JdbcTemplate.java:868)
        at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.update(JdbcTemplate.java:876)
        at com.cspinformatique.dacloudWeb.applications.dao.InstanceJDBCDAO.createInstance(InstanceJDBCDAO.java:50)
        at com.cspinformatique.dacloudWeb.applications.service.InstanceService.createInstance(InstanceService.java:42)
        at com.cspinformatique.dacloudWeb.applications.service.ApplicationsService.createInstance(ApplicationsService.java:63)
        at com.cspinformatique.dacloudWeb.applications.service.ApplicationsService.createApplication(ApplicationsService.java:52)
        at com.cspinformatique.dacloudWeb.applications.controller.ApplicationsController.saveApplication(ApplicationsController.java:64)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:213)
        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:126)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:96)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:617)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:578)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:80)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:923)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:852)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:882)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doPost(FrameworkServlet.java:789)
        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:641)
        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:311)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:116)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:83)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:113)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:101)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:113)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:54)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:45)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www.BasicAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(BasicAuthenticationFilter.java:150)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:182)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:105)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:87)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:323)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:173)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:259)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:224)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:169)
        at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:168)
        at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:98)
        at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:927)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
        at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407)
        at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:987)
        at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:579)
        at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:309)
        at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886)
        at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908)
        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:680)

回答(3)

2 years ago

我的猜测是你在根上下文中声明了你的事务bean . 基于注释的事务自动代理仅适用于单个上下文,因此其他(错误)上下文中的服务bean不会受到影响 . 有关问题的更全面描述,请参阅my answer to "Why DispatcherServlet creates another application context?" . 根本问题是您不了解Spring MVC应用程序中上下文的组织方式 .

2 years ago

您需要为 @Transactional 注释定义一个接口才能工作:

public interface ApplicationsService {
    public void createApplication(Application application);
}

具体课程:

@Service
public class ApplicationsServiceImpl {
    @Transactional
    public void createApplication(Application application) {
        // ...
    }
}

或者,根据Kevin Welker 's comment, if don' t想要一个接口(尽管你可能应该编写一个接口),你可以配置使用 proxy-target-class

<tx:annotation-driven proxy-target-class="true" />

edit

来自 SQLException 的消息是:

Field 'status' doesn't have a default value

那么也许你在传递 null 你应该提供一个 Value ?或者,检查this post是否存在与此错误相关的奇怪现象 .

2 years ago

经过三天的调试,我终于找到了我的注释被忽略的原因 .

位于子上下文文件中的 <tx:annotation-driven/> 指令无权访问其父Spring上下文创建的bean .

我不得不把它移到我的请求调度员使用的 myapp-servlet.xml .

现在,它正常运作 .