对.NET Web Api服务的Web请求获得401未经授权的错误

我有一个web api服务,我想要另一个.Net应用程序发出Web请求,但是这样做时我收到以下错误:

“远程服务器返回错误:(401)未经授权 . ”

只是为了澄清,这些是试图沟通的2个独立的.net应用程序 .

这是客户端.Net c#app尝试向其他Web api服务发出Web请求的代码:

public string MakeWebRequest()
    {
        var requestUrl = "http://localhost:8081/api/Tests/results";

        var request = WebRequest.Create(requestUrl);
        var username = "test";
        var password = "test";
        SetBasicAuthHeader(request, username, password);

        var postData = "thing1=hello";
        postData += "&thing2=world";
        var data = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);

        request.Method = "POST";
        request.ContentType = "application/json";
        request.ContentLength = data.Length;
        //request.Expect = "application/json";

        using (var stream = request.GetRequestStream())
        {
            stream.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
        }

        string text;
        var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();

        using (var sr = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            text = sr.ReadToEnd();
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static void SetBasicAuthHeader(WebRequest request, String userName, String userPassword)
    {
        string authInfo = userName + ":" + userPassword;
        authInfo = Convert.ToBase64String(Encoding.Default.GetBytes(authInfo));
        request.Headers["Authorization"] = "Basic " + authInfo;
    }

这是应该从其他应用程序接收Web请求的.Net c#web api服务的代码:

[RoutePrefix("api/Tests")]
public class TestsApiController : ApiController
{
  [POST("results")]
  [AcceptVerbs("POST")]
  [HttpPost]
  [BasicAuthAuthorize(Roles="Admin")]
  public JObject resultsFinished()
  {
    //do something
  }
}

这是我创建的基本身份验证属性,它甚至不会受到客户端服务的攻击 .

public class BasicAuthAuthorizeAttribute : AuthorizeAttribute
{
    private const string BasicAuthResponseHeader = "WWW-Authenticate";
    private const string BasicAuthResponseHeaderValue = "Basic";

    public override void OnAuthorization(HttpActionContext actionContext)
    {
        try
        {
            AuthenticationHeaderValue authValue = actionContext.Request.Headers.Authorization;

            if (authValue != null && !String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(authValue.Parameter) && authValue.Scheme == BasicAuthResponseHeaderValue)
            {
                var parsedCredentials = ParseAuthorizationHeader(authValue.Parameter);

                if (parsedCredentials != null)
                {
                    if (parsedCredentials.Username == IoC.Username && parsedCredentials.Password == IoC.Password)
                        return;
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            //actionContext.Response = actionContext.Request.CreateResponse(HttpStatusCode.Unauthorized);
            actionContext.Response.Headers.Add(BasicAuthResponseHeader, BasicAuthResponseHeaderValue);
            return;

        }
    }

    private Credentials ParseAuthorizationHeader(string authHeader)
    {
        string[] credentials = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(Convert.FromBase64String(authHeader)).Split(new[] { ':' });

        if (credentials.Length != 2 || string.IsNullOrEmpty(credentials[0]) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(credentials[1]))
            return null;

        return new Credentials() { Username = credentials[0], Password = credentials[1], };
    }
}
//Client credential
public class Credentials
{
    public string Username { get; set; }
    public string Password { get; set; }
}

回答(1)

2 years ago

尝试使用像fiddler这样的工具来解决发送到Web服务的问题:

http://www.telerik.com/fiddler