iText - 将内容添加到现有PDF文件

我想用iText做以下事情:

(1)解析现有的PDF文件

(2)在文档的现有单页上添加一些数据(例如时间戳)

(3)写出文件

我似乎无法弄清楚如何用iText做到这一点 . 在伪代码中,我会这样做:

Document document = reader.read(input);
document.add(new Paragraph("my timestamp"));
writer.write(document, output);

但由于某些原因,iText的API非常复杂,我无法绕过它 . PdfReader实际上保存文档模型或其他东西(而不是吐出文档),你需要一个PdfWriter来读取它的页面......呃?

回答(4)

2 years ago

iText有多种方法可以做到这一点 . PdfStamper 类是一个选项 . 但我发现最简单的方法是创建一个新的PDF文档,然后将现有文档中的各个页面导入到新的PDF中 .

// Create output PDF
Document document = new Document(PageSize.A4);
PdfWriter writer = PdfWriter.getInstance(document, outputStream);
document.open();
PdfContentByte cb = writer.getDirectContent();

// Load existing PDF
PdfReader reader = new PdfReader(templateInputStream);
PdfImportedPage page = writer.getImportedPage(reader, 1); 

// Copy first page of existing PDF into output PDF
document.newPage();
cb.addTemplate(page, 0, 0);

// Add your new data / text here
// for example...
document.add(new Paragraph("my timestamp")); 

document.close();

这将从 templateInputStream 读取PDF并将其写入 outputStream . 这些可能是文件流或内存流或任何适合您的应用程序 .

2 years ago

Gutch的代码很接近,但它只能在以下情况下正常工作:

  • 没有注释(链接,字段等),没有文档结构/标记内容,没有书签,没有文档级脚本等,等等......

  • 页面大小恰好是A.4(不错的赔率,但它碰巧碰到了't work on any ol' PDF)

  • 您不介意丢失所有原始文档元数据( 生产环境 者,创建日期,可能是作者/ Headers /关键字),也可能是文档ID . 你 can't 复制创建日期和文档ID,除非你对iText本身做了一些非常深刻的hackery) .

批准的方法是反过来做 . 使用PdfStamper打开现有文档,并使用getOverContent()返回的PdfContentByte将文本(以及您可能需要的任何其他内容)直接写入页面 . 不需要第二份文件 .

并且您可以使用ColumnText来处理布局等等...无需使用beginText(),setFontAndSize(),drawText(),drawText()...,endText()进行处理 .

2 years ago

这是我能想象到的最复杂的场景:我有一个用Ilustrator创建并用Acrobat修改的PDF文件,用AcroFields(AcroForm),我将用这个Java代码填充数据,这个PDF文件的结果是添加文档后,将修改字段中的数据 .

实际上,在这种情况下,我动态生成一个添加到PDF的背景,该背景也是使用具有未知数据或页面数量的文档动态生成的 .

我正在使用JBoss,这段代码在JSP文件中(应该可以在任何JSP Web服务器中使用) .

注意:如果您使用的是IExplorer,则必须使用POST方法提交HTTP表单才能下载该文件 . 如果没有,您将在屏幕上看到PDF代码 . 这不会发生在Chrome或Firefox中 .

<%@ page import="java.io.*, com.lowagie.text.*, com.lowagie.text.pdf.*" %><%

response.setContentType("application/download");
response.setHeader("Content-disposition","attachment;filename=listaPrecios.pdf" );  

// -------- FIRST THE PDF WITH THE INFO ----------
String str = "";
// lots of words
for(int i = 0; i < 800; i++) str += "Hello" + i + " ";
// the document
Document doc = new Document( PageSize.A4, 25, 25, 200, 70 );
ByteArrayOutputStream streamDoc = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
PdfWriter.getInstance( doc, streamDoc );
// lets start filling with info
doc.open();
doc.add(new Paragraph(str));
doc.close();
// the beauty of this is the PDF will have all the pages it needs
PdfReader frente = new PdfReader(streamDoc.toByteArray());
PdfStamper stamperDoc = new PdfStamper( frente, response.getOutputStream());

// -------- THE BACKGROUND PDF FILE -------
// in JBoss the file has to be in webinf/classes to be readed this way
PdfReader fondo = new PdfReader("listaPrecios.pdf");
ByteArrayOutputStream streamFondo = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
PdfStamper stamperFondo = new PdfStamper( fondo, streamFondo);
// the acroform
AcroFields form = stamperFondo.getAcroFields();
// the fields 
form.setField("nombre","Avicultura");
form.setField("descripcion","Esto describe para que sirve la lista ");
stamperFondo.setFormFlattening(true);
stamperFondo.close();
// our background is ready
PdfReader fondoEstampado = new PdfReader( streamFondo.toByteArray() );

// ---- ADDING THE BACKGROUND TO EACH DATA PAGE ---------
PdfImportedPage pagina = stamperDoc.getImportedPage(fondoEstampado,1);
int n = frente.getNumberOfPages();
PdfContentByte background;
for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
    background = stamperDoc.getUnderContent(i);
    background.addTemplate(pagina, 0, 0);
}
// after this everithing will be written in response.getOutputStream()
stamperDoc.close(); 
%>

还有另一种解决方案更简单,并解决了您的问题 . 这取决于您要添加的文本量 .

// read the file
PdfReader fondo = new PdfReader("listaPrecios.pdf");
PdfStamper stamper = new PdfStamper( fondo, response.getOutputStream());
PdfContentByte content = stamper.getOverContent(1);
// add text
ColumnText ct = new ColumnText( content );
// this are the coordinates where you want to add text
// if the text does not fit inside it will be cropped
ct.setSimpleColumn(50,500,500,50);
ct.setText(new Phrase(str, titulo1));
ct.go();

2 years ago

Document document = new Document();
    PdfWriter writer = PdfWriter.getInstance(document, 
        new FileOutputStream("E:/TextFieldForm.pdf"));
    document.open();

    PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(2);
    table.getDefaultCell().setPadding(5f); // Code 1
    table.setHorizontalAlignment(Element.ALIGN_LEFT);
    PdfPCell cell;      

    // Code 2, add name TextField       
    table.addCell("Name"); 
    TextField nameField = new TextField(writer, 
        new Rectangle(0,0,200,10), "nameField");
    nameField.setBackgroundColor(Color.WHITE);
    nameField.setBorderColor(Color.BLACK);
    nameField.setBorderWidth(1);
    nameField.setBorderStyle(PdfBorderDictionary.STYLE_SOLID);
    nameField.setText("");
    nameField.setAlignment(Element.ALIGN_LEFT);
    nameField.setOptions(TextField.REQUIRED);               
    cell = new PdfPCell();
    cell.setMinimumHeight(10);
    cell.setCellEvent(new FieldCell(nameField.getTextField(), 
        200, writer));
    table.addCell(cell);

    // force upper case javascript
    writer.addJavaScript(
        "var nameField = this.getField('nameField');" +
        "nameField.setAction('Keystroke'," +
        "'forceUpperCase()');" +
        "" +
        "function forceUpperCase(){" +
        "if(!event.willCommit)event.change = " +
        "event.change.toUpperCase();" +
        "}");


    // Code 3, add empty row
    table.addCell("");
    table.addCell("");


    // Code 4, add age TextField
    table.addCell("Age");
    TextField ageComb = new TextField(writer, new Rectangle(0,
         0, 30, 10), "ageField");
    ageComb.setBorderColor(Color.BLACK);
    ageComb.setBorderWidth(1);
    ageComb.setBorderStyle(PdfBorderDictionary.STYLE_SOLID);
    ageComb.setText("12");
    ageComb.setAlignment(Element.ALIGN_RIGHT);
    ageComb.setMaxCharacterLength(2);
    ageComb.setOptions(TextField.COMB | 
        TextField.DO_NOT_SCROLL);
    cell = new PdfPCell();
    cell.setMinimumHeight(10);
    cell.setCellEvent(new FieldCell(ageComb.getTextField(), 
        30, writer));
    table.addCell(cell);

    // validate age javascript
    writer.addJavaScript(
        "var ageField = this.getField('ageField');" +
        "ageField.setAction('Validate','checkAge()');" +
        "function checkAge(){" +
        "if(event.value < 12){" +
        "app.alert('Warning! Applicant\\'s age can not" +
        " be younger than 12.');" +
        "event.value = 12;" +
        "}}");      



    // add empty row
    table.addCell("");
    table.addCell("");


    // Code 5, add age TextField
    table.addCell("Comment");
    TextField comment = new TextField(writer, 
        new Rectangle(0, 0,200, 100), "commentField");
    comment.setBorderColor(Color.BLACK);
    comment.setBorderWidth(1);
    comment.setBorderStyle(PdfBorderDictionary.STYLE_SOLID);
    comment.setText("");
    comment.setOptions(TextField.MULTILINE | 
        TextField.DO_NOT_SCROLL);
    cell = new PdfPCell();
    cell.setMinimumHeight(100);
    cell.setCellEvent(new FieldCell(comment.getTextField(), 
        200, writer));
    table.addCell(cell);


    // check comment characters length javascript
    writer.addJavaScript(
        "var commentField = " +
        "this.getField('commentField');" +
        "commentField" +
        ".setAction('Keystroke','checkLength()');" +
        "function checkLength(){" +
        "if(!event.willCommit && " +
        "event.value.length > 100){" +
        "app.alert('Warning! Comment can not " +
        "be more than 100 characters.');" +
        "event.change = '';" +
        "}}");          

    // add empty row
    table.addCell("");
    table.addCell("");


    // Code 6, add submit button    
    PushbuttonField submitBtn = new PushbuttonField(writer,
            new Rectangle(0, 0, 35, 15),"submitPOST");
    submitBtn.setBackgroundColor(Color.GRAY);
    submitBtn.
        setBorderStyle(PdfBorderDictionary.STYLE_BEVELED);
    submitBtn.setText("POST");
    submitBtn.setOptions(PushbuttonField.
        VISIBLE_BUT_DOES_NOT_PRINT);
    PdfFormField submitField = submitBtn.getField();
    submitField.setAction(PdfAction
    .createSubmitForm("",null, PdfAction.SUBMIT_HTML_FORMAT));

    cell = new PdfPCell();
    cell.setMinimumHeight(15);
    cell.setCellEvent(new FieldCell(submitField, 35, writer));
    table.addCell(cell);



    // Code 7, add reset button
    PushbuttonField resetBtn = new PushbuttonField(writer,
            new Rectangle(0, 0, 35, 15), "reset");
    resetBtn.setBackgroundColor(Color.GRAY);
    resetBtn.setBorderStyle(
        PdfBorderDictionary.STYLE_BEVELED);
    resetBtn.setText("RESET");
    resetBtn
    .setOptions(
        PushbuttonField.VISIBLE_BUT_DOES_NOT_PRINT);
    PdfFormField resetField = resetBtn.getField();
    resetField.setAction(PdfAction.createResetForm(null, 0));
    cell = new PdfPCell();
    cell.setMinimumHeight(15);
    cell.setCellEvent(new FieldCell(resetField, 35, writer));
    table.addCell(cell);        

    document.add(table);
    document.close();
}


class FieldCell implements PdfPCellEvent{

    PdfFormField formField;
    PdfWriter writer;
    int width;

    public FieldCell(PdfFormField formField, int width, 
        PdfWriter writer){
        this.formField = formField;
        this.width = width;
        this.writer = writer;
    }

    public void cellLayout(PdfPCell cell, Rectangle rect, 
        PdfContentByte[] canvas){
        try{
            // delete cell border
            PdfContentByte cb = canvas[PdfPTable
                .LINECANVAS];
            cb.reset();

            formField.setWidget(
                new Rectangle(rect.left(), 
                    rect.bottom(), 
                    rect.left()+width, 
                    rect.top()), 
                    PdfAnnotation
                    .HIGHLIGHT_NONE);

            writer.addAnnotation(formField);
        }catch(Exception e){
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }
}