使用MILLISECONDS获取文件的上次修改日期?

我试图从文件夹中获取某些文件的日期和时间(上次修改) . 我设法获得日期和小时/分钟/秒,但我无法得到 milliseconds .

我已经尝试过尽可能地格式化列 . 我只得到 0 毫秒 .

我的代码到目前为止:

  • 用户选择一个文件夹

  • 代码在A列中显示找到的所有文件名,在B列中显示日期,小时,分钟和秒(最后修改日期/时间)

我该怎么做才能获得当前代码以获得毫秒数?

这是我的代码:

Private Function GetAllFiles(ByVal strPath As String, _
    ByVal intRow As Integer, ByRef objFSO As Object) As Integer
    Dim objFolder As Object
    Dim objFile As Object
    Dim i As Integer
    i = intRow - ROW_FIRST + 1
    Set objFolder = objFSO.GetFolder(strPath)
    For Each objFile In objFolder.Files
        'print file name
        Cells(i + ROW_FIRST + 2, 1) = objFile.Name
        'print file path
        Cells(i + ROW_FIRST + 2, 2) = objFile.DateLastModified
        i = i + 1
    Next objFile
    GetAllFiles = i + ROW_FIRST - 1
End Function

回答(1)

3 years ago

以下模块将使用Windows API调用检索Windows文件创建,修改或访问日期时间(包括毫秒) .

但必须指出的是,存在许多潜在问题 . 一个很大的问题是VBA Date 数据类型的分辨率为1秒,因此日期时间需要作为String返回,或者存储在不同的数据类型中( Currency 是正确的大小 . )

Option Explicit

Declare Function GetFileTime Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal hFile As Long, _
    lpCreationTime As FILETIME, lpLastAccessTime As FILETIME, _
    lpLastWriteTime As FILETIME) As Long

Declare Function CreateFile Lib "kernel32.dll" Alias "CreateFileA" _
    (ByVal lpFileName As String, ByVal dwDesiredAccess As Long, _
    ByVal dwShareMode As Long, lpSecurityAttributes As Any, _
    ByVal dwCreationDisposition As Long, ByVal dwFlagsAndAttributes As Long, _
    ByVal hTemplateFile As Long) As Long

Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long

Declare Function FileTimeToSystemTime Lib "kernel32.dll" _
    (lpFileTime As FILETIME, lpSystemTime As SYSTEMTIME) As Long

Type FILETIME
dwLowDateTime As Long
dwHighDateTime As Long
End Type

Type SYSTEMTIME
wYear As Integer
wMonth As Integer
wDayOfWeek As Integer
wDay As Integer
wHour As Integer
wMinute As Integer
wSecond As Integer
wMilliseconds As Integer
End Type


Const GENERIC_READ = &H80000000
Const GENERIC_WRITE = &H40000000
Const FILE_SHARE_READ = &H1
Const FILE_SHARE_WRITE = &H2
Const CREATE_ALWAYS = 2
Const CREATE_NEW = 1
Const OPEN_ALWAYS = 4
Const OPEN_EXISTING = 3
Const TRUNCATE_EXISTING = 5
Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE = &H20
Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN = &H2
Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL = &H80
Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY = &H1
Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM = &H4
Const FILE_FLAG_DELETE_ON_CLOSE = &H4000000
Const FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING = &H20000000
Const FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED = &H40000000
Const FILE_FLAG_POSIX_SEMANTICS = &H1000000
Const FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS = &H10000000
Const FILE_FLAG_SEQUENTIAL_SCAN = &H8000000
Const FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH = &H80000000

Function GetDateValue(fName As String) As String
'returns UTC (GMT) file time for specified file

    Dim hFile As Long ' handle to the opened file
    Dim ctime As FILETIME ' receives time of creation
    Dim atime As FILETIME ' receives time of last access
    Dim mtime As FILETIME ' receives time of last modification
    Dim Thetime As SYSTEMTIME ' used to manipulate the time
    Dim retval As Long ' return value

    hFile = CreateFile(fName, GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ, _
        ByVal CLng(0), OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE, 0)

    retval = GetFileTime(hFile, ctime, atime, mtime)

    'Choose which date to return: creation, modify or access date
    'retval = FileTimeToSystemTime(ctime, Thetime) 'extract creation datetime
    retval = FileTimeToSystemTime(mtime, Thetime) 'extract modified datetime
    'retval = FileTimeToSystemTime(atime, Thetime) 'extract accessed datetime

    retval = CloseHandle(hFile)

    With Thetime
        GetDateValue = .wYear & Format(.wMonth, "\-00") & _
            Format(.wDay, "\-00") & " " & Format(.wHour, "00") & _
            Format(.wMinute, "\:00") & Format(.wSecond, "\:00") & _
            Format(.wSecond, "\.000")
    End With
End Function

Sub test()
    MsgBox GetDateValue("c:\logfile.txt") 
    'returns a string like "2018-03-31 16:13:52.052"
End Sub

我完美但它的工作原理可以根据您的个人需求进行调整 . 请注意,您需要手动取消注释希望函数返回的日期时间的行 .

在使用它之前,请务必阅读以获取重要信息,因为根据文件系统的不同,存在一些限制 . 例如,NTFS通常会在您“认为”完成后完成写入文件...最多1小时后 .


更多信息: