使用bootstrap css创建React App

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我正在使用Create React App并希望将bootstrap css包含到我的项目中 . 我在create-react-app github上看到了包含React Bootstrap的说明,但我正在寻找常规的bootstrap,而不是React Bootstrap .

我已经通过npm安装了bootstrap,并将其包含在我的index.js文件中,就像这样

import 'bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css'

当我运行启动脚本时,这似乎部分有效 . 字体似乎是使用bootstrap,但就是这样,即其他Bootstrap CSS似乎都不起作用 .

尝试构建时出现以下错误

Module not found: Error: Cannot resolve module '[object Object]' in /Users/username/Sites/Learning/modular
/src

我猜这与字体有关 . 我在修改webpack配置以允许引导字体时遇到一些困难 .

有没有人能够做到这一点?

我使用或多或少与webpack配置create-react-app一起使用 . 但是,我确实修改了CSS加载器,以便它可以加载SASS并且能够使用SASS / CSS模块 . 我已经测试过,只需要一个完整的样式表而不使用CSS模块仍然有效 .

var autoprefixer = require("autoprefixer");
var webpack = require("webpack");
var HtmlWebpackPlugin = require("html-webpack-plugin");
var CaseSensitivePathsPlugin = require("case-sensitive-paths-webpack-plugin");
var InterpolateHtmlPlugin = require("react-dev-utils/InterpolateHtmlPlugin");
var WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin = require(
  "react-dev-utils/WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin"
);
var getClientEnvironment = require("./env");
var paths = require("./paths");

// Webpack uses `publicPath` to determine where the app is being served from.
// In development, we always serve from the root. This makes config easier.
var publicPath = "/";
// `publicUrl` is just like `publicPath`, but we will provide it to our app
// as %PUBLIC_URL% in `index.html` and `process.env.PUBLIC_URL` in JavaScript.
// Omit trailing slash as %PUBLIC_PATH%/xyz looks better than %PUBLIC_PATH%xyz.
var publicUrl = "";
// Get environment variables to inject into our app.
var env = getClientEnvironment(publicUrl);

// This is the development configuration.
// It is focused on developer experience and fast rebuilds.
// The production configuration is different and lives in a separate file.
module.exports = {
  // You may want 'eval' instead if you prefer to see the compiled output in DevTools.
  // See the discussion in https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/343.
  devtool: "cheap-module-source-map",
  // These are the "entry points" to our application.
  // This means they will be the "root" imports that are included in JS bundle.
  // The first two entry points enable "hot" CSS and auto-refreshes for JS.
  entry: [
    // Include an alternative client for WebpackDevServer. A client's job is to
    // connect to WebpackDevServer by a socket and get notified about changes.
    // When you save a file, the client will either apply hot updates (in case
    // of CSS changes), or refresh the page (in case of JS changes). When you
    // make a syntax error, this client will display a syntax error overlay.
    // Note: instead of the default WebpackDevServer client, we use a custom one
    // to bring better experience for Create React App users. You can replace
    // the line below with these two lines if you prefer the stock client:
    // require.resolve('webpack-dev-server/client') + '?/',
    // require.resolve('webpack/hot/dev-server'),
    require.resolve("react-dev-utils/webpackHotDevClient"),
    // We ship a few polyfills by default:
    require.resolve("./polyfills"),
    // Finally, this is your app's code:
    paths.appIndexJs
    // We include the app code last so that if there is a runtime error during
    // initialization, it doesn't blow up the WebpackDevServer client, and
    // changing JS code would still trigger a refresh.
  ],
  output: {
    // Next line is not used in dev but WebpackDevServer crashes without it:
    path: paths.appBuild,
    // Add /* filename */ comments to generated require()s in the output.
    pathinfo: true,
    // This does not produce a real file. It's just the virtual path that is
    // served by WebpackDevServer in development. This is the JS bundle
    // containing code from all our entry points, and the Webpack runtime.
    filename: "static/js/bundle.js",
    // This is the URL that app is served from. We use "/" in development.
    publicPath: publicPath
  },
  resolve: {
    // This allows you to set a fallback for where Webpack should look for modules.
    // We read `NODE_PATH` environment variable in `paths.js` and pass paths here.
    // We use `fallback` instead of `root` because we want `node_modules` to "win"
    // if there any conflicts. This matches Node resolution mechanism.
    // https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/253
    fallback: paths.nodePaths,
    // These are the reasonable defaults supported by the Node ecosystem.
    // We also include JSX as a common component filename extension to support
    // some tools, although we do not recommend using it, see:
    // https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/290
    extensions: [".js", ".json", ".jsx", ""],
    alias: {
      // Support React Native Web
      // https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2016/08/a-glimpse-into-the-future-with-react-native-for-web/
      "react-native": "react-native-web"
    }
  },

  module: {
    // First, run the linter.
    // It's important to do this before Babel processes the JS.
    preLoaders: [
      {
        test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
        loader: "eslint",
        include: paths.appSrc
      }
    ],
    loaders: [
      // ** ADDING/UPDATING LOADERS **
      // The "url" loader handles all assets unless explicitly excluded.
      // The `exclude` list *must* be updated with every change to loader extensions.
      // When adding a new loader, you must add its `test`
      // as a new entry in the `exclude` list for "url" loader.

      // "url" loader embeds assets smaller than specified size as data URLs to avoid requests.
      // Otherwise, it acts like the "file" loader.
      {
        exclude: [/\.html$/, /\.(js|jsx)$/, /\.css$/, /\.json$/, /\.svg$/],
        loader: "url",
        query: {
          limit: 10000,
          name: "static/media/[name].[hash:8].[ext]"
        }
      },
      // Process JS with Babel.
      {
        test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
        include: paths.appSrc,
        loader: "babel",
        query: {
          // This is a feature of `babel-loader` for webpack (not Babel itself).
          // It enables caching results in ./node_modules/.cache/babel-loader/
          // directory for faster rebuilds.
          cacheDirectory: true
        }
      },
      // "postcss" loader applies autoprefixer to our CSS.
      // "css" loader resolves paths in CSS and adds assets as dependencies.
      // "style" loader turns CSS into JS modules that inject <style> tags.
      // In production, we use a plugin to extract that CSS to a file, but
      // in development "style" loader enables hot editing of CSS.
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        loaders: [
          "style?sourceMap",
          "css?modules&importLoaders=1&localIdentName=[path]___[name]__[local]___[hash:base64:5]",
          "resolve-url",
          "sass?sourceMap"
        ]
      },
      // JSON is not enabled by default in Webpack but both Node and Browserify
      // allow it implicitly so we also enable it.
      {
        test: /\.json$/,
        loader: "json"
      },
      // "file" loader for svg
      // {
      //   test: /\.svg$/,
      //   loader: "file",
      //   query: {
      //     name: "static/media/[name].[hash:8].[ext]"
      //   }
      // },
      {
        test: /\.(png|jpg|jpeg|gif|svg|woff|woff2)$/,
        loader: "url"
      },
      {
        test: /\.(eot|ttf|wav|mp3)$/,
        loader: "file"
      }

      // ** STOP ** Are you adding a new loader?
      // Remember to add the new extension(s) to the "url" loader exclusion list.
    ]
  },

  // We use PostCSS for autoprefixing only.
  postcss: function() {
    return [
      autoprefixer({
        browsers: [
          ">1%",
          "last 4 versions",
          "Firefox ESR",
          "not ie < 9" // React doesn't support IE8 anyway
        ]
      })
    ];
  },
  plugins: [
    // Makes some environment variables available in index.html.
    // The public URL is available as %PUBLIC_URL% in index.html, e.g.:
    // <link rel="shortcut icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico">
    // In development, this will be an empty string.
    new InterpolateHtmlPlugin(env.raw),
    // Generates an `index.html` file with the <script> injected.
    new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
      inject: true,
      template: paths.appHtml
    }),
    // Makes some environment variables available to the JS code, for example:
    // if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development') { ... }. See `./env.js`.
    new webpack.DefinePlugin(env.stringified),
    // This is necessary to emit hot updates (currently CSS only):
    new webpack.HotModuleReplacementPlugin(),
    // Watcher doesn't work well if you mistype casing in a path so we use
    // a plugin that prints an error when you attempt to do this.
    // See https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/240
    new CaseSensitivePathsPlugin(),
    // If you require a missing module and then `npm install` it, you still have
    // to restart the development server for Webpack to discover it. This plugin
    // makes the discovery automatic so you don't have to restart.
    // See https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/186
    new WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin(paths.appNodeModules)
  ],
  // Some libraries import Node modules but don't use them in the browser.
  // Tell Webpack to provide empty mocks for them so importing them works.
  node: {
    fs: "empty",
    net: "empty",
    tls: "empty"
  }
};

我目前的想法是这与Bootstrap使用的字体文件有关 . 该配置似乎无法处理ttf,woff,woff2或svg文件 . (svg似乎被置于静态文件夹中,可能会弄乱路径?)

2回答

  • 1

    您必须使用相对的Webpack导入NPM模块 . ~

    import '~bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css'
    

  • 1

    我想到了 . create-react-app可以直接在JavaScript中使用和使用引导程序 .

    我的问题是我还添加了CSS模块 . Webpack试图使用CSS模块加载引导程序,并且由于需要字体,它可能存在问题 . 需要其他全局CSS不会产生此问题 .

    我通过在我的webpack配置中添加一个规则来解决这个问题,该规则用于以 .global.css 结尾的CSS文件名,并修改了CSS模块的规则,以忽略任何文件名以 .global.css 结尾的CSS .

    我复制了Bootstrap CSS和字体文件,并将它们放入项目目录中的assets文件夹中 . 我将bootstrap.min.css重命名为bootstrap.min.global.css . 我从assets文件夹中需要它 .

    这是我在webpack中将CSS模块与全局css混合的最佳解决方案 .

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