使用JavaMail API在Android中发送电子邮件,而不使用默认/内置应用程序

我正在尝试在Android中创建邮件发送应用程序 .

如果我使用:

Intent emailIntent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);

这将启动内置的Android应用程序;我正在尝试使用此应用程序直接发送邮件 without .

回答(22)

2 years ago

使用Gmail身份验证使用JavaMail API在Android中发送电子邮件 .

创建示例项目的步骤:

MailSenderActivity.java:

public class MailSenderActivity extends Activity {

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        final Button send = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.send);
        send.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {
                try {   
                    GMailSender sender = new GMailSender("username@gmail.com", "password");
                    sender.sendMail("This is Subject",   
                            "This is Body",   
                            "user@gmail.com",   
                            "user@yahoo.com");   
                } catch (Exception e) {   
                    Log.e("SendMail", e.getMessage(), e);   
                } 

            }
        });

    }
}

GMailSender.java:

public class GMailSender extends javax.mail.Authenticator {   
    private String mailhost = "smtp.gmail.com";   
    private String user;   
    private String password;   
    private Session session;   

    static {   
        Security.addProvider(new com.provider.JSSEProvider());   
    }  

    public GMailSender(String user, String password) {   
        this.user = user;   
        this.password = password;   

        Properties props = new Properties();   
        props.setProperty("mail.transport.protocol", "smtp");   
        props.setProperty("mail.host", mailhost);   
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",   
                "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false");   
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.quitwait", "false");   

        session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, this);   
    }   

    protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {   
        return new PasswordAuthentication(user, password);   
    }   

    public synchronized void sendMail(String subject, String body, String sender, String recipients) throws Exception {   
        try{
        MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);   
        DataHandler handler = new DataHandler(new ByteArrayDataSource(body.getBytes(), "text/plain"));   
        message.setSender(new InternetAddress(sender));   
        message.setSubject(subject);   
        message.setDataHandler(handler);   
        if (recipients.indexOf(',') > 0)   
            message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(recipients));   
        else  
            message.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(recipients));   
        Transport.send(message);   
        }catch(Exception e){

        }
    }   

    public class ByteArrayDataSource implements DataSource {   
        private byte[] data;   
        private String type;   

        public ByteArrayDataSource(byte[] data, String type) {   
            super();   
            this.data = data;   
            this.type = type;   
        }   

        public ByteArrayDataSource(byte[] data) {   
            super();   
            this.data = data;   
        }   

        public void setType(String type) {   
            this.type = type;   
        }   

        public String getContentType() {   
            if (type == null)   
                return "application/octet-stream";   
            else  
                return type;   
        }   

        public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {   
            return new ByteArrayInputStream(data);   
        }   

        public String getName() {   
            return "ByteArrayDataSource";   
        }   

        public OutputStream getOutputStream() throws IOException {   
            throw new IOException("Not Supported");   
        }   
    }   
}

JSSEProvider.java:

/*
 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * @author Alexander Y. Kleymenov
 * @version $Revision$
 */


import java.security.AccessController;
import java.security.Provider;

public final class JSSEProvider extends Provider {

    public JSSEProvider() {
        super("HarmonyJSSE", 1.0, "Harmony JSSE Provider");
        AccessController.doPrivileged(new java.security.PrivilegedAction<Void>() {
            public Void run() {
                put("SSLContext.TLS",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.SSLContextImpl");
                put("Alg.Alias.SSLContext.TLSv1", "TLS");
                put("KeyManagerFactory.X509",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.KeyManagerFactoryImpl");
                put("TrustManagerFactory.X509",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerFactoryImpl");
                return null;
            }
        });
    }
}

在您的Android项目的以下链接中添加3个 jar

Click here - How to add External Jars

并且不要忘记在清单中添加此行:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

Just click below link to change account access for less secure apps https://www.google.com/settings/security/lesssecureapps

运行该项目并检查收件人邮件帐户中的邮件 . 干杯!

附:并且不要忘记你不能从android中的任何Activity做网络操作 . 因此,建议使用 AsyncTaskIntentService 来避免主线程异常上的网络 .

Jar文件:https://code.google.com/archive/p/javamail-android/

2 years ago

感谢您提供宝贵的宝贵信息 . 代码工作正常 . 我也可以通过添加以下代码来添加附件 .

private Multipart _multipart; 
_multipart = new MimeMultipart(); 

public void addAttachment(String filename,String subject) throws Exception { 
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename); 
    messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source)); 
    messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename); 
    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

    BodyPart messageBodyPart2 = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    messageBodyPart2.setText(subject); 

    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart2); 
} 



message.setContent(_multipart);

2 years ago

无法连接到SMTP主机:smtp.gmail.com,port:465

在清单中添加以下行:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

2 years ago

您可以使用JavaMail API来处理您的电子邮件任务 . JavaMail API在JavaEE包中可用,其jar可供下载 . 遗憾的是,它不能直接在Android应用程序中使用,因为它使用了在Android中完全不兼容的AWT组件 .

您可以在以下位置找到适用于JavaMail的Android端口:http://code.google.com/p/javamail-android/

将jar添加到您的应用程序并使用SMTP方法

2 years ago

为了帮助那些使用SDK Target> 9获得网络主线程异常的人 . 这是使用上面的droopie代码,但对任何代码都适用 .

StrictMode.ThreadPolicy policy = new StrictMode.ThreadPolicy.Builder().permitAll().build();

StrictMode.setThreadPolicy(policy); 

android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException

您可以使用AsyncTask,如下所示

public void onClickMail(View view) {
    new SendEmailAsyncTask().execute();
}

class SendEmailAsyncTask extends AsyncTask <Void, Void, Boolean> {
    Mail m = new Mail("from@gmail.com", "my password");

    public SendEmailAsyncTask() {
        if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) Log.v(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "SendEmailAsyncTask()");
        String[] toArr = { "to mail@gmail.com"};
        m.setTo(toArr);
        m.setFrom("from mail@gmail.com");
        m.setSubject("Email from Android");
        m.setBody("body.");
    }

    @Override
    protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {
        if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) Log.v(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "doInBackground()");
        try {
            m.send();
            return true;
        } catch (AuthenticationFailedException e) {
            Log.e(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "Bad account details");
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            Log.e(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), m.getTo(null) + "failed");
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
    }

2 years ago

SMTP

使用SMTP是一种方法,其他人已经指出了如何做到这一点 . 请注意,在执行此操作时,您完全绕过内置邮件应用程序,您必须在代码中静态提供SMTP服务器的地址,该服务器的用户名和密码,或者从用户查询 .

HTTP

另一种方法是涉及一个简单的服务器端脚本,如php,它接受一些URL参数并使用它们发送邮件 . 这样,您只需要从设备发出HTTP请求(使用内置库即可轻松实现),并且不需要在设备上存储SMTP登录数据 . 与直接使用SMTP相比,这是一个间接性,但因为它非常容易从PHP发出HTTP请求和发送邮件,所以它甚至可能比直接方式更简单 .

邮件申请

如果邮件将从他已经在手机上注册的用户默认邮件帐户发送,则您必须采取其他方法 . 如果您有足够的时间和经验,您可能需要查看Android电子邮件应用程序的源代码,看看它是否提供了一些无需用户交互即可发送邮件的入口点(我不知道,但也许有一个) .

也许您甚至找到了查询用户帐户详细信息的方法(因此您可以将它们用于SMTP),尽管我非常怀疑这是可能的,因为这将是一个巨大的安全风险,并且Android的构建相当安全 .

2 years ago

这是一个alt版本,也适用于我,并有附件(上面已发布但完整版本不同于源链接,人们发布他们不能让它工作,因为它缺少数据)

import java.util.Date; 
import java.util.Properties; 
import javax.activation.CommandMap; 
import javax.activation.DataHandler; 
import javax.activation.DataSource; 
import javax.activation.FileDataSource; 
import javax.activation.MailcapCommandMap; 
import javax.mail.BodyPart; 
import javax.mail.Multipart; 
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication; 
import javax.mail.Session; 
import javax.mail.Transport; 
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart; 


public class Mail extends javax.mail.Authenticator { 
  private String _user; 
  private String _pass; 

  private String[] _to; 
  private String _from; 

  private String _port; 
  private String _sport; 

  private String _host; 

  private String _subject; 
  private String _body; 

  private boolean _auth; 

  private boolean _debuggable; 

  private Multipart _multipart; 


  public Mail() { 
    _host = "smtp.gmail.com"; // default smtp server 
    _port = "465"; // default smtp port 
    _sport = "465"; // default socketfactory port 

    _user = ""; // username 
    _pass = ""; // password 
    _from = ""; // email sent from 
    _subject = ""; // email subject 
    _body = ""; // email body 

    _debuggable = false; // debug mode on or off - default off 
    _auth = true; // smtp authentication - default on 

    _multipart = new MimeMultipart(); 

    // There is something wrong with MailCap, javamail can not find a handler for the multipart/mixed part, so this bit needs to be added. 
    MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap.getDefaultCommandMap(); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html"); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml"); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain"); 
    mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed"); 
    mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822"); 
    CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc); 
  } 

  public Mail(String user, String pass) { 
    this(); 

    _user = user; 
    _pass = pass; 
  } 

  public boolean send() throws Exception { 
    Properties props = _setProperties(); 

    if(!_user.equals("") && !_pass.equals("") && _to.length > 0 && !_from.equals("") && !_subject.equals("") && !_body.equals("")) { 
      Session session = Session.getInstance(props, this); 

      MimeMessage msg = new MimeMessage(session); 

      msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(_from)); 

      InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[_to.length]; 
      for (int i = 0; i < _to.length; i++) { 
        addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(_to[i]); 
      } 
        msg.setRecipients(MimeMessage.RecipientType.TO, addressTo); 

      msg.setSubject(_subject); 
      msg.setSentDate(new Date()); 

      // setup message body 
      BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
      messageBodyPart.setText(_body); 
      _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 

      // Put parts in message 
      msg.setContent(_multipart); 

      // send email 
      Transport.send(msg); 

      return true; 
    } else { 
      return false; 
    } 
  } 

  public void addAttachment(String filename) throws Exception { 
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename); 
    messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source)); 
    messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename); 

    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 
  } 

  @Override 
  public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() { 
    return new PasswordAuthentication(_user, _pass); 
  } 

  private Properties _setProperties() { 
    Properties props = new Properties(); 

    props.put("mail.smtp.host", _host); 

    if(_debuggable) { 
      props.put("mail.debug", "true"); 
    } 

    if(_auth) { 
      props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true"); 
    } 

    props.put("mail.smtp.port", _port); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", _sport); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory"); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false"); 

    return props; 
  } 

  // the getters and setters 
  public String getBody() { 
    return _body; 
  } 

  public void setBody(String _body) { 
    this._body = _body; 
  }

  public void setTo(String[] toArr) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._to=toArr;
  }

  public void setFrom(String string) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._from=string;
  }

  public void setSubject(String string) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._subject=string;
  }  

  // more of the getters and setters ….. 
}

并在活动中称呼它...

@Override 
public void onCreate(Bundle icicle) { 
  super.onCreate(icicle); 
  setContentView(R.layout.main); 

  Button addImage = (Button) findViewById(R.id.send_email); 
  addImage.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { 
    public void onClick(View view) { 
      Mail m = new Mail("gmailusername@gmail.com", "password"); 

      String[] toArr = {"bla@bla.com", "lala@lala.com"}; 
      m.setTo(toArr); 
      m.setFrom("wooo@wooo.com"); 
      m.setSubject("This is an email sent using my Mail JavaMail wrapper from an Android device."); 
      m.setBody("Email body."); 

      try { 
        m.addAttachment("/sdcard/filelocation"); 

        if(m.send()) { 
          Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "Email was sent successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        } else { 
          Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "Email was not sent.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        } 
      } catch(Exception e) { 
        //Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "There was a problem sending the email.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        Log.e("MailApp", "Could not send email", e); 
      } 
    } 
  }); 
}

2 years ago

100% working code with demo You can also send multiple email using this answer.

下载项目 HERE

Step 1 : 下载邮件,激活,附加jar文件并在android studio中添加 project libs folder . 我添加了一个屏幕截图见下面 Download link

libs add

使用Gmail登录( using your from mail )和 TURN ON 切换按钮LINK

大多数人忘了这一步,我希望你不会 .

Step 2 : 完成此过程后 . 复制并将这些类复制到您的项目中 .

GMail.java

import android.util.Log;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.AddressException;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

public class GMail {

    final String emailPort = "587";// gmail's smtp port
    final String smtpAuth = "true";
    final String starttls = "true";
    final String emailHost = "smtp.gmail.com";


    String fromEmail;
    String fromPassword;
    List<String> toEmailList;
    String emailSubject;
    String emailBody;

    Properties emailProperties;
    Session mailSession;
    MimeMessage emailMessage;

    public GMail() {

    }

    public GMail(String fromEmail, String fromPassword,
            List<String> toEmailList, String emailSubject, String emailBody) {
        this.fromEmail = fromEmail;
        this.fromPassword = fromPassword;
        this.toEmailList = toEmailList;
        this.emailSubject = emailSubject;
        this.emailBody = emailBody;

        emailProperties = System.getProperties();
        emailProperties.put("mail.smtp.port", emailPort);
        emailProperties.put("mail.smtp.auth", smtpAuth);
        emailProperties.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", starttls);
        Log.i("GMail", "Mail server properties set.");
    }

    public MimeMessage createEmailMessage() throws AddressException,
            MessagingException, UnsupportedEncodingException {

        mailSession = Session.getDefaultInstance(emailProperties, null);
        emailMessage = new MimeMessage(mailSession);

        emailMessage.setFrom(new InternetAddress(fromEmail, fromEmail));
        for (String toEmail : toEmailList) {
            Log.i("GMail", "toEmail: " + toEmail);
            emailMessage.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                    new InternetAddress(toEmail));
        }

        emailMessage.setSubject(emailSubject);
        emailMessage.setContent(emailBody, "text/html");// for a html email
        // emailMessage.setText(emailBody);// for a text email
        Log.i("GMail", "Email Message created.");
        return emailMessage;
    }

    public void sendEmail() throws AddressException, MessagingException {

        Transport transport = mailSession.getTransport("smtp");
        transport.connect(emailHost, fromEmail, fromPassword);
        Log.i("GMail", "allrecipients: " + emailMessage.getAllRecipients());
        transport.sendMessage(emailMessage, emailMessage.getAllRecipients());
        transport.close();
        Log.i("GMail", "Email sent successfully.");
    }

}

SendMailTask.java

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.util.Log;

import java.util.List;

public class SendMailTask extends AsyncTask {

    private ProgressDialog statusDialog;
    private Activity sendMailActivity;

    public SendMailTask(Activity activity) {
        sendMailActivity = activity;

    }

    protected void onPreExecute() {
        statusDialog = new ProgressDialog(sendMailActivity);
        statusDialog.setMessage("Getting ready...");
        statusDialog.setIndeterminate(false);
        statusDialog.setCancelable(false);
        statusDialog.show();
    }

    @Override
    protected Object doInBackground(Object... args) {
        try {
            Log.i("SendMailTask", "About to instantiate GMail...");
            publishProgress("Processing input....");
            GMail androidEmail = new GMail(args[0].toString(),
                    args[1].toString(), (List) args[2], args[3].toString(),
                    args[4].toString());
            publishProgress("Preparing mail message....");
            androidEmail.createEmailMessage();
            publishProgress("Sending email....");
            androidEmail.sendEmail();
            publishProgress("Email Sent.");
            Log.i("SendMailTask", "Mail Sent.");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            publishProgress(e.getMessage());
            Log.e("SendMailTask", e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void onProgressUpdate(Object... values) {
        statusDialog.setMessage(values[0].toString());

    }

    @Override
    public void onPostExecute(Object result) {
        statusDialog.dismiss();
    }

}

Step 3 : 现在您可以根据需要更改此类,也可以使用此类发送多个邮件 . 我提供xml和java文件 .

activity_mail.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingLeft="20dp"
    android:paddingRight="20dp"
    android:paddingTop="30dp">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingTop="10dp"
        android:text="From Email" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#FFFFFF"
        android:cursorVisible="true"
        android:editable="true"
        android:ems="10"
        android:enabled="true"
        android:inputType="textEmailAddress"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:textColor="#000000">

        <requestFocus />
    </EditText>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingTop="10dp"
        android:text="Password (For from email)" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#FFFFFF"
        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textPassword"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:textColor="#000000" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView3"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingTop="10dp"
        android:text="To Email" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText3"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#ffffff"
        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textEmailAddress"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:textColor="#000000" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView4"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingTop="10dp"
        android:text="Subject" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText4"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#ffffff"
        android:ems="10"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:textColor="#000000" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView5"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingTop="10dp"
        android:text="Body" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText5"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#ffffff"
        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textMultiLine"
        android:padding="35dp"
        android:textColor="#000000" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Send Email" />

</LinearLayout>

SendMailActivity.java

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

public class SendMailActivity extends Activity {

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        final Button send = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.button1);

        send.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {
                Log.i("SendMailActivity", "Send Button Clicked.");

                String fromEmail = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.editText1))
                        .getText().toString();
                String fromPassword = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.editText2))
                        .getText().toString();
                String toEmails = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.editText3))
                        .getText().toString();
                List<String> toEmailList = Arrays.asList(toEmails
                        .split("\\s*,\\s*"));
                Log.i("SendMailActivity", "To List: " + toEmailList);
                String emailSubject = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.editText4))
                        .getText().toString();
                String emailBody = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.editText5))
                        .getText().toString();
                new SendMailTask(SendMailActivity.this).execute(fromEmail,
                        fromPassword, toEmailList, emailSubject, emailBody);
            }
        });
    }
}

Note 别忘了在AndroidManifest.xml文件中添加 internet 权限

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>

希望它能工作,如果不是那么只是在下面评论 .

2 years ago

如果使用“smtp.gmail.com”作为默认的smtp服务器,则发出警告 .

由于过于热心的“可疑活动”政策,Google会强制您经常更改关联的电子邮件帐户密码 . 从本质上讲,它会在短时间内将来自不同国家的重复smtp请求视为“可疑活动” . 因为他们认为您(电子邮件帐户持有人)一次只能在一个国家/地区 .

当谷歌系统检测到“可疑活动”时,它会阻止更多电子邮件,直到您更改密码 . 由于您将密码硬编码到应用程序中,因此每次发生这种情况时都必须重新发布应用程序,这并不理想 . 这对我来说每周发生3次,我甚至将密码存储在另一台服务器上,并且每次google强制我更改密码时动态获取密码 .

因此,我建议使用众多免费smtp提供程序之一而不是“smtp.gmail.com”来避免此安全问题 . 使用相同的代码,但将“smtp.gmail.com”更改为新的smtp转发主机 .

2 years ago

GmailBackground是一个小型库,可以在后台发送电子邮件而无需用户交互:

用法:

BackgroundMail.newBuilder(this)
            .withUsername("username@gmail.com")
            .withPassword("password12345")
            .withMailto("toemail@gmail.com")
            .withType(BackgroundMail.TYPE_PLAIN)
            .withSubject("this is the subject")
            .withBody("this is the body")
            .withOnSuccessCallback(new BackgroundMail.OnSuccessCallback() {
                @Override
                public void onSuccess() {
                    //do some magic
                }
            })
            .withOnFailCallback(new BackgroundMail.OnFailCallback() {
                @Override
                public void onFail() {
                    //do some magic
                }
            })
            .send();

组态:

repositories {
    // ...
    maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
 }
 dependencies {
            compile 'com.github.yesidlazaro:GmailBackground:1.2.0'
    }

权限:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>

另外,对于附件,您需要设置READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE权限:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

Source

(我自己测试过)

2 years ago

编辑:JavaMail 1.5.5 claims to support Android,所以你不需要任何其他东西 .

我已将最新的JavaMail(1.5.4)移植到Android . 它可以在Maven Central中使用,只需将以下内容添加到build.gradle ~~即可
编译'eu.ocathain.com.sun.mail:javax.mail:1.5.4'
然后您可以按照官方教程进行操作 . 源代码可在此处获取:https://bitbucket.org/artbristol/javamail-forked-android

2 years ago

用于发送带附件的邮件..

public class SendAttachment{
                    public static void main(String [] args){ 
             //to address
                    String to="abc@abc.com";//change accordingly
                    //from address
                    final String user="efg@efg.com";//change accordingly
                    final String password="password";//change accordingly 
                     MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap.getDefaultCommandMap();
                   mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html");
                  mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml");
                  mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain");
                  mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed");
                  mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822");
                  CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc); 
                  //1) get the session object   
                  Properties properties = System.getProperties();
                  properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "465"); 
                  properties.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",
                            "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");

                  Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(properties,
                   new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                   protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                   return new PasswordAuthentication(user,password);
                   }
                  });

                  //2) compose message   
                  try{ 
                    MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);
                    message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(user));
                    message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO,new InternetAddress(to));
                    message.setSubject("Hii"); 
                    //3) create MimeBodyPart object and set your message content    
                    BodyPart messageBodyPart1 = new MimeBodyPart();
                    messageBodyPart1.setText("How is This"); 
                    //4) create new MimeBodyPart object and set DataHandler object to this object    
                    MimeBodyPart messageBodyPart2 = new MimeBodyPart();
                //Location of file to be attached
                    String filename = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath()+"/R2832.zip";//change accordingly
                    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename);
                    messageBodyPart2.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
                    messageBodyPart2.setFileName("Hello"); 
                    //5) create Multipart object and add MimeBodyPart objects to this object    
                    Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();
                    multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart1);
                    multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart2); 
                    //6) set the multiplart object to the message object
                    message.setContent(multipart ); 
                    //7) send message 
                    Transport.send(message); 
                   System.out.println("MESSAGE SENT....");
                   }catch (MessagingException ex) {ex.printStackTrace();}
                  }
                }

2 years ago

那些正在尝试将那三个jar文件移动到你的项目的lib文件夹的人,它对我有用!!

2 years ago

对于需要帮助的人,我找到了一个更短的选择 . 代码是:

package com.example.mail;

import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

public class SendMailTLS {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        final String username = "username@gmail.com";
        final String password = "password";

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "587");

        Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
          new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication("username", "password");
            }
          });

        try {

            Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
            message.setFrom(new InternetAddress("from-email@gmail.com"));
            message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                InternetAddress.parse("to-email@gmail.com"));
            message.setSubject("Testing Subject");
            message.setText("Dear Mail Crawler,"
                + "\n\n No spam to my email, please!");

            Transport.send(message);

            System.out.println("Done");

        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }
}

资料来源:Sending Email via JavaMail API

希望这可以帮助!祝好运!

2 years ago

你考虑过使用Apache Commons Net吗?从3.3开始,只有一个 jar (你可以使用gradle或maven依赖它)并且你已经完成了:http://blog.dahanne.net/2013/06/17/sending-a-mail-in-java-and-android-with-apache-commons-net/

2 years ago

我无法运行Vinayak B的代码 . 最后我通过以下方式解决了这个问题

1.使用this

2.应用AsyncTask .

3.更改发件人gmail帐户的安全问题 . (更改为"TURN ON")this

2 years ago

无需用户干预,您可以发送如下:

  • 从客户端apk发送电子邮件 . 在这里mail.jar,activation.jar需要发送java电子邮件 . 如果添加这些jar,可能会增加APK大小 .

  • 或者,您可以在服务器端代码使用Web服务,该代码将使用相同的mail.jar和activation.jar来发送电子邮件 . 您可以通过asynctask调用Web服务并发送电子邮件 . 参考相同的链接 .

(但是,您需要知道邮件帐户的凭据)

2 years ago

如果要求您保持jar库尽可能小,可以单独包含SMTP / POP3 / IMAP功能,以避免“dex中的方法太多”问题 .

您可以从the javanet web page中选择想要的jar库,例如,mailapi.jar imap.jar可以让您以IMAP协议访问icloud,hotmail邮件服务器 . (在additional.jar和activation.jar的帮助下)

2 years ago

我尝试使用@Vinayak B提交的代码 . 但是我收到一个错误说:没有提供smtp

我为此创建了一个新问题,提供了更多信息HERE

毕竟我能够自己解决这个问题 . 我不得不使用另一个mail.jar,我必须确保我的“access for less secure apps”已打开 .

我希望这可以帮助任何有同样问题的人 . 完成此操作后,这段代码也可以在谷歌眼镜上运行 .

2 years ago

其他答案中提供的所有代码都是正确的,并且运行正常,但有点混乱,所以我决定发布一个库(仍然在开发中)以更简单的方式使用它: AndroidMail .

您只需要创建一个MailSender,构建一个邮件并发送它(已经使用AsyncTask在后台处理) .

MailSender mailSender = new MailSender(email, password);

Mail.MailBuilder builder = new Mail.MailBuilder();
Mail mail = builder
    .setSender(senderMail)
    .addRecipient(new Recipient(recipient))
    .setText("Hello")
    .build();

mailSender.sendMail(mail);

您可以收到发送的电子邮件的通知,它还支持不同的收件人类型(TO,CC和BCC),附件和HTML:

MailSender mailSender = new MailSender(email, password);

Mail.MailBuilder builder = new Mail.MailBuilder();
Mail mail = builder
    .setSender(senderMail)
    .addRecipient(new Recipient(recipient))
    .addRecipient(new Recipient(Recipient.TYPE.CC, recipientCC))
    .setText("Hello")
    .setHtml("<h1 style=\"color:red;\">Hello</h1>")
    .addAttachment(new Attachment(filePath, fileName))
    .build();

mailSender.sendMail(mail, new MailSender.OnMailSentListener() {

    @Override
    public void onSuccess() {
        // mail sent!
    }

    @Override
    public void onError(Exception error) {
        // something bad happened :(
    }
});

你可以通过Gradle或Maven获得它:

compile 'it.enricocandino:androidmail:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT'

如果您有任何问题,请告诉我! :)

2 years ago

Add jar files mail.jar,activation.jar,additionnal.jar

 String sub="Thank you for your online registration" ; 
 Mail m = new Mail("emailid", "password"); 

 String[] toArr = {"ekkatrainfo@gmail.com",sEmailId};
 m.setFrom("ekkatrainfo@gmail.com"); 

     m.setTo(toArr);
     m.setSubject(sub);
    m.setBody(msg);



                     try{


                            if(m.send()) { 

                            } else { 

                            } 
                          } catch(Exception e) { 

                            Log.e("MailApp", "Could not send email", e); 
                          } 

  package com.example.ekktra;

   import java.util.Date;
   import java.util.Properties;

   import javax.activation.CommandMap;
   import javax.activation.DataHandler;
   import javax.activation.DataSource;
   import javax.activation.FileDataSource;
   import javax.activation.MailcapCommandMap;
   import javax.mail.BodyPart;
   import javax.mail.Multipart;
   import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
   import javax.mail.Session;
   import javax.mail.Transport;
   import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
   import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;
   import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
   import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;

   public class Mail extends javax.mail.Authenticator { 
     private String _user; 
     private String _pass; 

     private String[] _to; 

     private String _from; 

     private String _port; 
     private String _sport; 

     private String _host; 

     private String _subject; 
     private String _body; 

     private boolean _auth; 

     private boolean _debuggable; 

     private Multipart _multipart; 


   public Mail() { 
      _host = "smtp.gmail.com"; // default smtp server 
      _port = "465"; // default smtp port 
      _sport = "465"; // default socketfactory port 

      _user = ""; // username 
      _pass = ""; // password 
      _from = ""; // email sent from 
      _subject = ""; // email subject 
      _body = ""; // email body 

      _debuggable = false; // debug mode on or off - default off 
      _auth = true; // smtp authentication - default on 

      _multipart = new MimeMultipart(); 

      // There is something wrong with MailCap, javamail can not find a handler for the        multipart/mixed part, so this bit needs to be added. 
      MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap.getDefaultCommandMap(); 
   mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html"); 
   mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml"); 
   mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-  handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain"); 
   mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed"); 
   mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content- handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822"); 
    CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc); 
   } 

 public Mail(String user, String pass) { 
  this(); 

  _user = user; 
   _pass = pass; 
 } 

public boolean send() throws Exception { 
   Properties props = _setProperties(); 

  if(!_user.equals("") && !_pass.equals("") && _to.length > 0 && !_from.equals("") &&   !_subject.equals("") /*&& !_body.equals("")*/) { 
    Session session = Session.getInstance(props, this); 

    MimeMessage msg = new MimeMessage(session); 

     msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(_from)); 

    InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[_to.length]; 
     for (int i = 0; i < _to.length; i++) { 
      addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(_to[i]); 
    } 
      msg.setRecipients(MimeMessage.RecipientType.TO, addressTo); 

    msg.setSubject(_subject); 
    msg.setSentDate(new Date()); 

  // setup message body 
  BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    messageBodyPart.setText(_body); 
    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 

     // Put parts in message 
    msg.setContent(_multipart); 

    // send email 
    Transport.send(msg); 

    return true; 
   } else { 
     return false; 
   } 
  } 

   public void addAttachment(String filename) throws Exception { 
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename); 
      messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source)); 
    messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename); 

   _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 
 } 

  @Override 
  public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() { 
     return new PasswordAuthentication(_user, _pass); 
  } 

   private Properties _setProperties() { 
   Properties props = new Properties(); 

    props.put("mail.smtp.host", _host); 

  if(_debuggable) { 
    props.put("mail.debug", "true"); 
  } 

  if(_auth) { 
    props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true"); 
   } 

    props.put("mail.smtp.port", _port); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", _sport); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory"); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false"); 

    return props; 
   } 

   // the getters and setters 
  public String getBody() { 
   return _body; 
 } 

 public void setBody(String _body) { 
  this._body = _body; 
 }

  public void setTo(String[] toArr) {
     // TODO Auto-generated method stub
    this._to=toArr;
 }

public void setFrom(String string) {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
    this._from=string;
}

 public void setSubject(String string) {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
    this._subject=string;
  }  


   }

2 years ago

要添加附件,请不要忘记添加 .

MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap
            .getDefaultCommandMap();
    mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html");
    mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml");
    mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain");
    mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed");
    mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822");
    CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc);