使用Jackson JSON映射器序列化/反序列化java 8 java.time

如何在Java 8 LocalDateTime中使用Jackson JSON映射器?

org.codehaus.jackson.map.JsonMappingException:无法从JSON String实例化类型[simple type,class java.time.LocalDateTime]的值;没有单字符串构造函数/工厂方法(通过引用链:MyDTO [“field1”] - > SubDTO [“date”])

回答(10)

3 years ago

这里不需要使用自定义序列化器/反序列化器 . 使用jackson-modules-java8's datetime module

数据类型模块使Jackson识别Java 8 Date&Time API数据类型(JSR-310) .

This module adds support for quite a few classes:

  • 持续时间

  • 瞬发

  • LocalDateTime

  • LocalDate

  • LocalTime

  • 月日

  • OffsetDateTime

  • 偏移时间

  • 期间

  • YearMonth

  • ZonedDateTime

  • ZoneId

  • ZoneOffset

3 years ago

更新:出于历史原因留下这个答案,但我不推荐它 . 请参阅上面接受的答案 .

告诉Jackson使用您的自定义[de]序列化类进行映射:

@JsonSerialize(using = LocalDateTimeSerializer.class)
@JsonDeserialize(using = LocalDateTimeDeserializer.class)
private LocalDateTime ignoreUntil;

提供自定义类:

public class LocalDateTimeSerializer extends JsonSerializer<LocalDateTime> {
    @Override
    public void serialize(LocalDateTime arg0, JsonGenerator arg1, SerializerProvider arg2) throws IOException, JsonProcessingException {
        arg1.writeString(arg0.toString());
    }
}

public class LocalDateTimeDeserializer extends JsonDeserializer<LocalDateTime> {
    @Override
    public LocalDateTime deserialize(JsonParser arg0, DeserializationContext arg1) throws IOException, JsonProcessingException {
        return LocalDateTime.parse(arg0.getText());
    }
}

随机事实:如果我在类之上嵌套并且不使它们成为静态,则错误消息很奇怪: org.springframework.web.HttpMediaTypeNotSupportedException: Content type 'application/json;charset=UTF-8' not supported

3 years ago

这个maven依赖将解决您的问题:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-datatype-jsr310</artifactId>
    <version>2.6.5</version>
</dependency>

我一直在努力的一件事是,在反序列化期间,ZonedDateTime时区被更改为GMT . 事实证明,默认情况下, Jackson 用上下文中的一个替换它 . 为了保持区域1必须禁用此“功能”

Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder.json()
    .featuresToDisable(DeserializationFeature.ADJUST_DATES_TO_CONTEXT_TIME_ZONE)

3 years ago

如果您使用的是fastxml的ObjectMapper类,默认情况下ObjectMapper不了解LocalDateTime类,因此,您需要在gradle / maven中添加另一个依赖项:

compile 'com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype:jackson-datatype-jsr310:2.7.3'

现在,您需要将此库提供的数据类型支持注册到objectmapper对象,这可以通过以下方式完成:

ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
objectMapper.findAndRegisterModules();

现在,在您的jsonString中,您可以轻松地将java.LocalDateTime字段设置如下:

{
    "user_id": 1,
    "score": 9,
    "date_time": "2016-05-28T17:39:44.937"
}

通过这一切,您的Json文件到Java对象转换将正常工作,您可以通过以下方式读取该文件:

objectMapper.readValue(jsonString, new TypeReference<List<User>>() {
            });

3 years ago

使用 Spring boot 时遇到了类似的问题 . 使用Spring引导1.5.1.RELEASE我所要做的就是添加依赖:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-datatype-jsr310</artifactId>
</dependency>

3 years ago

如果您正在使用Jersey,那么您需要像其他人建议的那样添加Maven依赖项(jackson-datatype-jsr310)并注册您的对象映射器实例,如下所示:

@Provider
public class JacksonObjectMapper implements ContextResolver<ObjectMapper> {

  final ObjectMapper defaultObjectMapper;

  public JacksonObjectMapper() {
    defaultObjectMapper = createDefaultMapper();
  }

  @Override
  public ObjectMapper getContext(Class<?> type) {
    return defaultObjectMapper;
  }

  private static ObjectMapper createDefaultMapper() {
    final ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();    
    mapper.registerModule(new JavaTimeModule());
    return mapper;
  }
}

在您的资源中注册Jackson时,您需要像这样添加此映射器:

final ResourceConfig rc = new ResourceConfig().packages("<your package>");
rc
  .register(JacksonObjectMapper.class)
  .register(JacksonJaxbJsonProvider.class);

3 years ago

如果您出于任何原因无法使用 jackson-modules-java8 ,您可以使用 @JsonIgnore@JsonGetter@JsonSetter 尽快(取消)序列化即时字段:

public class MyBean {

    private Instant time = Instant.now();

    @JsonIgnore
    public Instant getTime() {
        return this.time;
    }

    public void setTime(Instant time) {
        this.time = time;
    }

    @JsonGetter
    private long getEpochTime() {
        return this.time.toEpochMilli();
    }

    @JsonSetter
    private void setEpochTime(long time) {
        this.time = Instant.ofEpochMilli(time);
    }
}

例:

@Test
public void testJsonTime() throws Exception {
    String json = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(new MyBean());
    System.out.println(json);
    MyBean myBean = new ObjectMapper().readValue(json, MyBean.class);
    System.out.println(myBean.getTime());
}

产量

{"epochTime":1506432517242}
2017-09-26T13:28:37.242Z

3 years ago

这只是一个例子,如何在我讨厌调试此问题的单元测试中使用它 . 关键因素是

  • mapper.registerModule(new JavaTimeModule());
    杰克森-datype-jsr310的
  • maven依赖

代码:import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper; import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.JavaTimeModule; import org.testng.Assert; import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.time.Instant;

class Mumu implements Serializable {
    private Instant from;
    private String text;

    Mumu(Instant from, String text) {
        this.from = from;
        this.text = text;
    }

    public Mumu() {
    }

    public Instant getFrom() {
        return from;
    }

    public String getText() {
        return text;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Mumu{" +
                "from=" + from +
                ", text='" + text + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}
public class Scratch {


    @Test
    public void JacksonInstant() throws IOException {
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        mapper.registerModule(new JavaTimeModule());

        Mumu before = new Mumu(Instant.now(), "before");
        String jsonInString = mapper.writeValueAsString(before);


        System.out.println("-- BEFORE --");
        System.out.println(before);
        System.out.println(jsonInString);

        Mumu after = mapper.readValue(jsonInString, Mumu.class);
        System.out.println("-- AFTER --");
        System.out.println(after);

        Assert.assertEquals(after.toString(), before.toString());
    }

}

3 years ago

我用这种时间格式: "{birthDate": "2018-05-24T13:56:13Z}" 从json反序列化为java.time.Instant(见截图)

enter image description here

3 years ago

您可以在 application.yml 文件中设置此项以解析即时时间,即java8中的Date API:

spring.jackson.serialization.write-dates-as-timestamps=false